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Abomination of Desolation
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Abomination of Desolation
Abomination of Desolation (שִׁקּוּצִים‎, shiqqutsim; מְשֹׁמֵם‎, meshomem; βδέλυγμα τῆς ἐρημώσεως, bdelygma tēs erēmōseōs). Describes the desecration of the temple in Jerusalem at several points in history. Phrase originates in the book of Daniel (Dan 9:27; 11:31; 12:11). Also used in 1 Macc 1:54, Matt
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Abomination of Desolation
ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION. A phrase occurring in the OT book of Daniel (11:31, 12:11, and perhaps 9:27), in 1 Maccabees 1:54, and in the teaching of Jesus as recorded in the synoptic gospels (Matt 24:15, Mark 13:14; see GOSPELS, LITTLE APOCALYPSE IN). The phrase refers in Daniel and 1 Maccabees to the
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Abomination of Desolation
Abomination of Desolation. Phrase used in Daniel, 1 Maccabees, Matthew, and Mark to designate a destestable object of pagan idolatry so loathsome to God that his people would feel desolate and devastated in its presence.In Daniel’s vision of the assault of evil, the ultimate corruption was seen as the
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Desolating Sacrilege
Desolating Sacrilege [Heb. šiqqûṣîm mešōmēm (Dnl. 9:27), haššiqqûṣ mešômēm (Dnl. 11:31), šiqqûṣ šōmēm (Dnl. 12:11), and perhaps happeš‘šōmēm (Dnl. 8:13); Gk. tó bdélygma tḗs erēmṓseōs (Mt. 24:15; Mk. 13:14)]; AV “abomination of desolation,” “abomination(s) making
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Abomination that Makes Desolate
abomination that makes desolate, an act desecrating the Jerusalem temple, mentioned twice in the book of Daniel (11:31; 12:11; cf. 9:27). Many scholars associate the reference with an altar to Zeus erected by the Syrian ruler Antiochus IV in the temple around 167 bce. This altar is referred to as “a
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Abomination of Desolation
ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION. This expression appears in Mt 24:15 and Mk 13:14. Matthew states that it is that “spoken of by Daniel the prophet.” The Gr. phrase is quoted almost exactly from the LXX of (Dan 9:27) (as well as Theodotion’s Gr. translation which replaced the LXX in early Christian centuries).
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Desolating Sacrilege
DESOLATING SACRILEGE. (‘abomination of desolation’, av). The phrase (Heb. šiqqûs šômēm) occurs first in Dn. 12:11, with variants in Dn. 9:27; 11:31. šiqqûs = an offensive object, due to uncleanness, then an idol as offensive to God; šiqqûs šomēm probably represents a contemptuous equivalent
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Desolating Sacrilege
Desolating SacrilegeThe usurping of God’s prerogative of worship by a pagan political power (Heb. šiqqûs šōmēm; Gk. bdélygma tḗs erēm̂seōs); also called the abomination of desolation. A part of the Jewish and early Christian apocalyptic traditions, the desolating sacrilege occurred in 167 b.c.e.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Desolating Sacrilege
Desolating Sacrilege (Gk. tó bdélygma tḗs erēmṓseōs).† A phrase derived from Daniel’s visions (Dan. 11:31; 12:11; Heb. [haš]šiqqûṣ [me]šōmēm “abomination that makes desolate”; KJV “abomination of desolation”; cf. 9:27), referring to the altar to Zeus Olympios which Antiochus
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Abomination of Desolation
Abomination of Desolation, mentioned by our Saviour, Matt. 24:15, as a sign of the approaching destruction of Jerusalem, with reference to Dan. 9:27; 11:31; 12:11. The prophecy referred ultimately to the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans, and consequently the “abomination” must describe some occurrence
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Abomination of Desolation
ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION. Interpreted by premillennialists as the idolatrous image to be set up by the final Antichrist (the “beast,” or “man of lawlessness” of 2 Thess. 2:3–4) in the restored Temple at Jerusalem in the latter half of Daniel’s seventieth week (Dan. 9:27; 12:11). For the first part of
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Desolation, Abomination of
Desolation, Abomination of(Matt. 24:15; Mark 13:14; comp. Luke 21:20), is interpreted of the eagles, the standards of the Roman army, which were an abomination to the Jews. These standards, rising over the site of the temple, were a sign that the holy place had fallen under the idolatrous Romans. The
Key passages
Da 9:27

And he will make a strong covenant with the many for one week, but in half of the week he will let cease sacrifice and offering and in its place a desolating abomination comes even until the determined complete destruction is poured out on the desolator.”

Da 11:31

And military forces from him will occupy and will profane the sanctuary stronghold, and they will abolish the regular burnt offering, and they will set up the abomination that causes desolation.

Da 12:11

And from the time the regular burnt offering is removed and the abomination that causes desolation is set up there will be one thousand two hundred and ninety days.

Mt 24:15

“So when you see the abomination of desolation spoken about by the prophet Daniel standing in the holy place” (let the one who reads understand),

Mk 13:14

“But when you see the abomination of desolation standing where it should not be” (let the one who reads understand), “then those in Judea must flee to the mountains!