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Abinadab (father of Ahio)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The keeper of the ark of the covenant following its return from the Philistines (1 Sam 7:1).Abinadab’s only appearance in the Old Testament comes in the ark narrative of 1 Sam 7 (and the corresponding 1 Chr 13:7). In 1 Samuel 5 the Philistines, having captured the ark of the covenant, are struck with plagues of mice and tumors. They return the ark to Israel, and Levites at Beth-Shemesh take possession of it. The Israelites then move the ark to the house of Abinadab in Kiriath-jearim, where it stays for 20 years during Saul’s reign. Once David ascends to Israel’s throne, he removes the ark from Abinadab’s home and takes it to Jerusalem (2 Sam 6).The Old Testament provides little information about Abinadab. He was the father of three sons, including Eleazar, who was consecrated to guard the ark at Abinadab’s home. Abinadab’s “house” (בֵּת‎, beth) may have been a temple or shrine rather than a dwelling (Omanson and Ellington, Handbook, 149). However, this may not have been the case, as Judg 17 gives an example of a Levite serving at a shrine in a family home.Josephus says that Abinadab was a Levite who was known for his righteousness and thus deemed an appropriate keeper of the ark (Josephus, Antiquities 6.18). The Old Testament implicitly corroborates Josephus’ description. Since the Levites of Beth-Shemesh didn’t know how to properly minister before the ark, they would have sought a priest who knew how to minister without invoking Yahweh’s anger. Abinadab’s son Eleazar (a name reminiscent of Aaron’s son) is consecrated similar to how a priest would have been consecrated for ministry before the ark. Second Samuel 6 narrates that when Abinadab’s sons Uzzah and Ahio are driving the cart containing the ark of the covenant, Uzzah is struck down when he grabs the ark as it is about to fall. Neither Abinadab nor Eleazar are specifically mentioned in bringing the ark to Jerusalem, so it is unknown if they took part in the move or were even alive at that point.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Abinadab of Benjamin
Abinadab of Benjamin (אֲבִינָדָב‎, avinadav). The keeper of the ark of the covenant following its return from the Philistines (1 Sam 7:1).Abinadab’s only appearance in the Old Testament comes in the ark narrative of 1 Sam 7 (and the corresponding 1 Chr 13:7). In 1 Samuel 5 the Philistines, having captured
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Abinadab (Person)
ABINADAB (PERSON) [Heb ʾăbı̂nādāb (אֲבִינָדָב)]. The name of three individuals. It means “my father is noble.”1. The father of Eleazar, Uzzah, and possibly Ahio, if the latter is a proper name and not a reference to Eleazar “his brother” (1 Sam 7:1; 2 Sam 6:3, 4; 1 Chr 13:7). The men of the Gibeonite
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Abinadab
Abinadab. 1. Resident of Kiriath-jearim to whose home the ark of God was brought on its return by the Philistines (1 Sm 6:21–7:2).2. Jesse’s second son, and brother of David (1 Sm 16:8; 17:13; 1 Chr 2:13). This Abinadab served in Saul’s army for part of the Philistine war.3. kjv form of Ben-abinadab,
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Abinadab (father of Ahio)
1. The man in whose house the men of Kiriath-jearim placed the ark after its return from the land of the Philistines. His house was either in Gibeah of Benjamin or “in the hill” (1 S. 7:1; 2 S. 6:3f; note that Heb. giḇ‘á means “hill” and that the place name Gibeah ordinarily has the definite article).
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Abinadab
ABINADAB1. Resident of Kiriath-jearim to whose home the ark of God was brought on its return by the Philistines (1 Sm 6:21–7:2).2. Jesse’s second son, and brother of David (1 Sm 16:8; 17:13; 1 Chr 2:13). This Abinadab served in Saul’s army for part of the Philistine war.3. kjv form of Ben-abinadab,
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Abinadab
Abinadab (uh-bin´uh-dab; Heb., “father of generosity”).1 A prominent man from Kireath-jearim, who had custody of the ark after its return from the Philistines until David moved it to Jerusalem (1 Sam. 7:1; 1 Chron. 13:7).2 The second son of Jesse (1 Sam. 16:8; 17:13; 1 Chron. 2:13).3 The fourth son
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Abinadab
ABINADAB1. An older brother of David (1 Sam 16:8; 17:13).2. A son of Saul who died with him in the battle of Gilboa (1 Sam 31:2; 1 Chr 8:33; 9:39; 10:2). He is also called Ishui in (1 Sam 14:49).3. The best known personage who bore this name was the man of Kirjath-jearim in whose house the ark of
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Abinadab
Abinadab (Heb. ʾăḇɩ̂nādāḇ)1. The father of Eleazer. 1 Sam. 7:1 reports that men from Kiriath-jearim moved the ark from Beth-shemesh to the “house of Abinadab” where the newly consecrated son of Abinadab, Eleazar, took responsibility for the ark. Abinadab was also the father of Uzzah and possibly
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Abinadab
ABINADAB (Hebrew, “my father is noble”)1. In 1 Sam 7:1, a man from Kiriath-jearim whose house was used to store the ark of the covenant after it had been recovered from the Philistines and brought from Beth-shemesh. His son, Eleazar, was consecrated and given responsibility for the ark.2. The second
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Abinadab
Abin´adab1. A Levite, a native of Kirjath-jearim, in whose house the ark remained 20 years. 1 Sam. 7:1, 2; 1 Chron. 13:7. (b.c. 1124.)2. Second son of Jesse, who followed Saul to his war against the Philistines. 1 Sam. 16:8; 17:13. (b.c. 1063.)3. A son of Saul, who was clain with his brothers at the
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Abinadab
ABIN´ADAB (a-binʹa-dab; “father is noble”).1. A Levite of Kiriath-jearim (or Kiriath Jearim, NIV) in whose house the Ark was deposited after it was returned by the Philistines (1 Sam. 7:1; 2 Sam. 6:3–4; 1 Chron. 13:7); before 1030 b.c.2. The second of the eight sons of Jesse (1 Sam. 17:13; 1 Chron.
See also
Relatives
Uzzah Son
Eleazar Son
Ahio Son
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