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Abilene
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A region in the Anti-Lebanon mountains whose name was taken from its capital city, Abila. It is referred to as the tetrarchy of Lysanias at the start of John the Baptist’s ministry (Luke 3:1).Abilene was part of the Iturean kingdom, which was broken up when its king was put to death by Mark Antony ca. 35 bc (Antiquities 15.4.1). The circumstances in which Abilene became a tetrarchy are obscure, and not much is known of the tetrarch Lysanias (Antiquities 18.6.10; 19.5.1). In ad 37, the tetrarchy was granted to Agrippa I. After his death in ad 44, it was administered by procurators until Claudius conferred it upon Agrippa II (ad 53; Antiquities 20.7.1). On Agrippa’s death toward the close of the first century, his kingdom was incorporated in the province of Syria.In the nearby village of Suk Wadi Barada, a Greek inscription was found that says a “freedman of Lysanias the tetrarch” dedicated a temple.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Abilene
Abilene (Ἀβιληνή, Abilēnē). A region in the Anti-Lebanon mountains whose name was taken from its capital city, Abila. It is referred to as the tetrarchy of Lysanias at the start of John the Baptist’s ministry (Luke 3:1).Abilene was part of the Iturean kingdom, which was broken up when its king was put
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Abilene (Place)
ABILENE (PLACE) [Gk Abilene (Ἀβιλενε)]. A tetrarchy named after its chief town, Abila, which is located on the bank of modern Barada (Abana) 18 miles NW of Damascus en route to Heliopolis (Baalbec). A Moslem legend places Abel’s tomb near the ruins of an Abilenian temple, thereby preserving the ancient
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Abilene
Abilene. Region on the east side of the Anti-Lebanon mountains in Syria. The district took its name from the capital city of Abila, located about 18 miles from Damascus. At the time of John the Baptist, Abilene was governed by the tetrarch Lysanias (Lk 3:1).
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Abilene
Abilene a-bə-lēʹnē [GK. Abilēnē]. The tetrarchy of Lysanias at the time when John the Baptist began his ministry (Lk. 3:1). The district derived its name from Abila, its chief town, which was situated, according to the Itinerarium Antonini, 16.5 mi (26.5 km) from Damascus on the way to Heliopolis
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Abilene
ABILENE Region on the east side of the Anti-Lebanon Mountains in Syria. The district took its name from the capital city of Abila, located about 18 miles (29 kilometers) from Damascus. At the time of John the Baptist, Abilene was governed by the tetrarch Lysanias (Lk 3:1).
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Abilene
Abilene (ab´uh-lee´nee), a tetrarchy in the eastern part of the Anti-Lebanon mountain range. Its capital, Abila, was located some nineteen miles northwest of Damascus in the Baroda Valley. According to Luke 3:1 and an inscription at Abila, Abilene was governed by Lysanias at the time of Jesus’s public
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Abilene
ABILENE. A territory on the eastern slopes of the Anti-Lebanon Mountains, named after its capital, Abila, which was about 18 miles NW of Damascus on SW bank of Wadi Barada, the ancient Abana River (2 Kgs 5:12). It was the tetrarchy of Lysanias (Lk 3:1, only Bible reference). A contemporary inscription
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Abilene
ABILENE. A region of Anti-Lebanon, attached to the city of Abila (cf. Heb. āḇēl, ‘meadow’), on the bank of the Abana (mod. Barada), some 29 km NW of Damascus (its ruins still stand round the village of Es-Suk). Abilene belonged to the Ituraean kingdom of Ptolemy Mennaeus (c. 85–40 bc) and his son
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Abilene
Abilene (Gk. Abilēnḗ)A region in the eastern part of the Anti-Lebanon range. Its capital, Abila, was ca. 27 km. (17 mi.) NW of Damascus. In NT times Lysanias was the tetrarch of this district (Luke 3:1). After Lysanias’ death the tetrarchy was granted to Agrippa I (37 c.e.) and later to Agrippa II
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Abilene
Abilene [ăbˊə lēˊnĭ] (Gk. Abilēnē). A region in the eastern part of the Anti-lebanon range. Its capital, Abila, was situated along the southwest bank of the upper Barada river (biblical Abana), about 27 km. (17 mi.) from Damascus.In New Testament times Lysanias was the tetrarch of this district,
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Abilene
ABILENE A district or tetrarchy situated around Abila, almost twenty miles northwest of Damascus, in the valley of the Barada. At the start of the public ministry of Jesus, Abilene was ruled by Lysanias (Luke 3:1). It was subsequently granted to Herod Agrippa I around a.d. 34–37.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Abilene
Abile´ne (land of meadows), Luke 3:1, a city situated on the eastern slope of Antilibanus, in a district fertilized by the river Barada (Abana). The city was 18 miles from Damascus, and stood in a remarkable gorge called Sûk Wady Barada.