Loading…
Abijah (son of Rehoboam)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The son of Rehoboam and second king of the southern kingdom of Judah (1 Kgs 14:31–15:8; 2 Chr 13:1–14:1); also referred to as Abijam (1 Kgs 14:31).Abijah reigned for three years in Judah (ca. 913–911 bc) as an evil king who “committed all the sins his father had done before him” (1 Kgs 15:3 NIV), which included many idolatrous acts. There was constant conflict and war between Judah and Jeroboam and the northern kingdom of Israel during his reign (1 Kgs 15:7; 2 Chr 13:2). Abijah seems to have had some military savvy and led a few successful military campaigns (2 Chr 8:1–22). Abijah had 14 wives who bore him 22 sons and 16 daughters (2 Chr 13:21).The account in 2 Chronicles speaks more positively about Abijah. In both accounts, both Rehoboam and Abijah were appointed by God in order to fulfill His promise to David that his line would continue to rule in Jerusalem (1 Kgs 15:4). According to Kaiser, “This is because the promise made to David was based on an unconditional covenant and was unilateral; it did not depend on how faithfully the house of David lived their lives” (Kaiser, A History of Israel, 309). The blessing applied to Abijah’s reign was, therefore, the result of God’s grace and covenant, not the merit of the king himself (House, 1, 2 Kings, 196).Abijah’s mother was Maacah, who was the daughter of Abishalom (1 Kgs 15:2), also referred to as Absalom (2 Chr 11:20).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Abijah, King of Judah
Abijah, King of Judah (אֲבִיָה‎, aviyah, Ἂβιά, Abia). The son of Rehoboam and second king of the southern kingdom of Judah (1 Kgs 14:31–15:8; 2 Chr 13:1–14:1); also referred to as Abijam (1 Kgs 14:31).Abijah reigned for three years in Judah (ca. 913–911 bc) as an evil king who “committed all the sins
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Abijah (Person)
ABIJAH (PERSON) [Heb ʾăbı̂yâ (אֲבִיָּה)]. Var. ABIJAM; ABI. 1. According to the MT, a man from the tribe of Benjamin (1 Chr 7:6, 8). He was the grandson of Benjamin, being the son of Becher who was Benjamin’s son. But some scholars are suspicious of the text of 1 Chr 7:6a. Curtis and Madsen (Chronicles
Abijah, King of Judah
ABIJAH, KING OF JUDAH. Var. ABIJAM. The son of Rehoboam and king of Judah (1 Kgs 14:31), whose mother was Maacah, daughter of Abishalom (1 Kgs 15:2). The spelling of the same varies. In the MT of 1 Kings the name appears as Abijam (ʾăbı̂yām); some mss and the MT of Chronicles have Abijah (ʾăbı̂yâ),
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Abia
Abia. 1. kjv rendering of Abijam, Rehoboam’s son and king of Judah, in 1 Chronicles 3:10 and Matthew 1:7.See Abijam.2. kjv rendering of Abijah in Luke 1:5.See Abijah #6.
Abiah
Abiah. 1. kjv translation for Abijah, Samuel’s son, in 1 Samuel 8:2 and 1 Chronicles 6:28.See Abijah #1.2. kjv translation of a Hebrew word in 1 Chronicles 2:24 which renders it as a proper name referring to the wife of Hezron. Most modern translations render it “his father”: “Caleb went in to Ephrathah,
Abijah
Abijah. 1. Samuel’s second son who, with his elder brother Joel, was a corrupt judge in Beersheba. Because of the corruption, Israel’s leaders asked to be ruled instead by a king (1 Sm 8:2; 1 Chr 6:28, kjv Abiah).2. Son of Jeroboam I of the northern kingdom of Israel. The boy’s illness impelled his
Abijam
Abijam. Rehoboam’s son and successor as king of Judah, 913–910 bc (1 Chr 3:10, kjv Abia; alternately called Abijah in 2 Chr 11:18–22; 12:16; 13:1–22; 14:1). A major focus of Abijam’s reign was his war with King Jeroboam I of Israel (2 Chr 13:1–3). Before a decisive battle Abijam stood on Mt Zemaraim
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Abijah (son of Rehoboam)
5. AV, NEB, also ABIA (1 Ch. 3:10). The son and successor of Rehoboam king of Judah (1 Ch. 3:10; 2 Ch. 11:20–14:1). See the variant name Abijam in 1 K. 14:31; 15:1, 7f.The statements concerning Abijah’s mother are confusing. She is said to have been Micaiah the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah in 2 Ch. 13:2;
Abijah
Abijah ə-bīʹjə [Heb. aḇîyâ, aḇîyāhû (2 Ch. 13:20f)—‘my father is Yahweh’ or ‘Yahweh is father’; Gk. Abia]; AV NT ABIA (Mt. 1:7; Lk. 1:15).
Abijam
Abijam ə-bīʹjəm [Heb. aḇîyām—‘father of the sea (or west)’]. The name given in Kings (1 K. 14:31; 15:1, 7f) to the son of Rehoboam who succeeded him as king of Judah. See Abijah 5. The name presents certain problems since the spelling varies in the MSS, with the MT of Chronicles designating him
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Abia
ABIA*1. kjv rendering of Abijam, Rehoboam’s son and king of Judah, in 1 Chronicles 3:10 and Matthew 1:7. See Abijam.2. kjv rendering of Abijah in Luke 1:5. See Abijah #6.
Abiah
ABIAH*1. kjv translation for Abijah, Samuel’s son, in 1 Samuel 8:2 and 1 Chronicles 6:28. See Abijah #1.2. kjv translation of a Hebrew word in 1 Chronicles 2:24, which renders it as a proper name referring to the wife of Hezron. Most modern translations render it “his father”: “Caleb went in to Ephrathah,
Abijah
ABIJAH1. Samuel’s second son who, with his older brother, Joel, was a corrupt judge in Beersheba. Because of the corruption, Israel’s leaders demanded to be ruled instead by a king (1 Sm 8:2; 1 Chr 6:28).2. Son of Jeroboam I of the northern kingdom of Israel. The boy’s illness impelled his family to
Abijam
ABIJAM Rehoboam’s son and successor as king of Judah, 913–910 bc (1 Chr 3:10; alternately called “Abijah” in 2 Chr 11:18–22; 12:16; 13:1–22; 14:1). A major focus of Abijam’s reign was his war with King Jeroboam I of Israel (2 Chr 13:1–3). Before a decisive battle, Abijam stood on Mt Zemaraim and shouted
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Abijah
Abijah (uh-bi´juh; Heb., “the Lord is my father”).1 The son of Samuel, who served as judge in Beer-sheba (1 Sam. 8:2).2 The king of Judah ca. 915–913 bce, referred to as Abijam in 1 Kings. He was the son of Rehoboam; his mother is variously identified as Maacah, the daughter of Absalom (2 Chron. 11:20)
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Abia
ABIA1. Grandson of Solomon through Rehoboam, father of Asa (1 Chr 3:10; Mt 1:7).2. Descendant of Aaron, who was head of the eighth division of David’s priestly order (1 Chr 24:10, “Abijah”). Zaracharias, father of John the Baptist, belonged to this division (Lk 1:15). See Abijah.
Abiah
ABIAH. Variant form of Abijah (q.v.).1. The second son of Samuel who was appointed judge of Beer-sheba, whose conduct hastened Israel’s demand for a king like other nations (1 Sam 8:2–5; 1 Chr 6:28).2. The wife of Hezron (1 Chr 2:24).3. One of the sons of Becher and grandson of Benjamin (1 Chr 7:6,
Abijah
ABIJAH1. A son of Jeroboam I, king of Israel. When the boy was gravely ill, Jeroboam sent his wife in disguise to appeal to the prophet Ahijah. The prophet, warned by God, told her that for the sin and apostasy of Jeroboam God’s judgment would sweep his descendants away, and as for Abijah, “when thy
Abijam
ABIJAM. A king of Judah, successor to his father Rehoboam (1 Kgs 14:31–15:8). Abijam may be an alternate spelling since he is also referred to as Abijah (q.v. 2).
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Abijah
ABIJAH (Heb. ’abîyâ, ‘my father is Yahweh’, or ‘Yahweh is father’). A name borne by several men and women in the OT. Chief among them are the second son of Samuel (1 Sa. 8:2; 1 Ch. 6:28), a descendant of Eleazar who gave his name to the eighth of the twenty-four courses of priests (1 Ch. 24:10ff.;
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Abijah
Abijah (Heb. ʾăḇɩ̂yâ) (also ABI, ABIJAM)1. The second son of Samuel, who served (together with his brother, Joel) as a judge in Beer-sheba and was corrupted by duplicity (1 Sam. 8:2–3; 1 Chr. 6:13 [MT 28]).2. The son of Jeroboam I, king of Israel. When he fell ill, he sent his wife in disguise to
Abijam
Abijam (Heb. ʾăḇɩ̂yām)A variation of the name of King Abijah of Judah (esp. MT 1 Kings).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Abijam
Abijam [ə bīˊjəm] (Heb. ˓aḇîyām “father of the sea”). A variation of the name of King Abijah of Judah (see Abijah 5). Various suggestions have been presented to account for this incongruity.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Abijah
ABIJAH (Hebrew, “Yahweh is my father”)1. The king of Judah (ca. 913–911 b.c.), the son and successor of King Rehoboam (2 Chr 13:2); also called Abijam in 1 Kgs 15. His brief reign is judged harshly in 1 Kgs 15:1–8, owing probably to his religious habits (see 1 Kgs 15:3–5), but the author of Chronicles
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Abia
Abi´a, Abi´ah, or Abi´jah.1. Son of Becher, the son of Benjamin. 1 Chron. 7:8.2. Wife of Hezron. 1 Chron. 2:24.3. Second son of Samuel. 1 Sam. 8:2; 1 Chron. 7:28.4. The son of Rehoboam. 1 Chron. 3:10; Matt. 1:7. See Abijah, 1.5. Mother of King Hezekiah. [Abi.]6. Same as Abijah, 4.
Abijah
Abi´jah or Abi´jam (my father is Jerhovah).1. Son and successor of Rehoboam on the throne of Judah. 1 Kings 14:21; 2 Chron. 12:16. He is called Abijah in Chronicles, Abijam in Kings. He began to reign b.c. 959, and reigned three years. He endeavored to recover the kingdom of the Ten Tribes, and made
See also
Relatives
Rehoboam Father
Maacah Mother
Asa Brother
Shelomith Brother
Attai Brother
Ziza Brother
Shemariah Brother
Jeush Brother
Zaham Brother
Asa Son
Solomon Grandfather
Jehoshaphat Grandson
Jehoshaphat Nephew
Uriel Grandfather
Naamah Grandmother
Basemath Aunt
Taphath Aunt
Roles
Related