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Abigail (sister of David)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Sister of David and mother of Amasa, the commander of Absalom’s army (1 Chr 2:16, 17). She is mentioned in 2 Sam 17:25, where her name is spelled Abigal (אֲבִיגַל‎, avigal). In both 1 Chr 2 and 2 Sam 17, she is identified as the sister of Zeruiah and the mother of Amasa, but other details differ between the two passages. In 2 Samuel 17, her husband, the father of Amasa, is called “Ithra the Israelite” (יִתְרָא הַיִּשְׂרְאֵלִי‎, yithra' hayyisre'eliy), but 1 Chr 2:17 calls him “Jether the Ishmaelite” (יֶ֖תֶר הַיִּשְׁמְעֵאלִֽי‎, yether hayyishme'eliy). This variation is likely a scribal error. The other puzzling detail is Abigail’s identification in 2 Sam 17:25 as “the daughter of Nahash” (נָחָשׁ‎, nachash). In the time of Saul and David, Nahash was the king of the Ammonites (1 Sam 11:1–2; 2 Sam 10:1–2). Since the name Nahash appears in 2 Sam 17:27 in connection with Shobi, a son of Nahash, it is likely that the appearance of the name in 2 Sam 17:25 is also a scribal error for Jesse (יִשַׁי‎, yishay). If it is not a scribal error, then Nahash may have been the name of Abigail’s mother. The suggestion that David’s mother was at one time the wife of Nahash, king of Ammon, and that she bore Abigail to Nahash before marrying Jesse is highly speculative and difficult to accept.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Abigail, Daughter of Jesse
Abigail, Daughter of Jesse (אֲבִיגַיִל‎, avigayil). Sister of David and mother of Amasa, the commander of Absalom’s army (1 Chr 2:16, 17). She is mentioned in 2 Sam 17:25, where her name is spelled Abigal (אֲבִיגַל‎, avigal). In both 1 Chr 2 and 2 Sam 17, she is identified as the sister of Zeruiah and
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Abigail (Person)
ABIGAIL (PERSON) [Heb ʾăbı̂gayil (אֲבִיגַיִל‎); ʾăbı̂gal (אֲבִיגַל‎)]. 1. Wife, first of Nabal, then of David (1 Samuel 25). She appears as the second wife/mother mentioned in two lists of David’s sons born in Hebron (2 Sam 3:2–5 and 1 Chr 3:1–3). The name of her son is problematic, being either Chileab
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Abigail
Abigail. 1. Nabal’s wife, who later became the wife of David (1 Sm 25:2–42). Nabal was a wealthy sheep owner whose holdings had been protected by David’s men. When David requested provisions in return for that protection, Nabal insultingly refused. Enraged, David set out with 400 armed men to destroy
Abigal
Abigal. rsv rendering of Abigail, David’s sister, in 2 Samuel 17:25.See Abigail #2.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Abigail (sister of David)
2. Also ABIGAL (2 S. 17:25). The sister of David and mother of Amasa, who at one time commanded David’s army (1 Ch. 2:16f; 2 S. 17:25). In the first passage she is called David’s sister, along with Zeruiah; in the second she is called the “daughter of Nahash.” Several explanations of this connection
Abigail
Abigail abʹə-gāl [Heb. aḇîg̱ayil, aḇîg̱al, aḇiwg̱ayil (1 S. 25:18, K)-prob ‘my father rejoices’].
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Abigail
ABIGAIL1. Nabal’s wife, who later became the wife of David (1 Sm 25:2–42). Nabal was a wealthy sheep owner whose holdings had been protected by David’s men. When David requested provisions in return for that protection, Nabal refused. Enraged, David set out with 400 armed men to destroy Nabal and his
Abigal
ABIGAL* rsv rendering of Abigail, David’s sister, in 2 Samuel 17:25. See Abigail #2.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Abigail
Abigail (ab´uh-gayl).1 The wife of Nabal, a rancher in Carmel. According to 1 Sam. 25:3, she was “clever and beautiful,” but her husband was “surly and mean.” Nabal refused to acknowledge David’s authority, and as a result David determined to have Nabal killed. Abigail arranged a meeting with David,
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Abigail
ABIGAIL1. The wife of Nabal of Maon, near Carmel, in the territory of the tribe of Judah. She was a woman “of good understanding and beautiful.” When Nabal treated David churlishly and so irritated him that he would have taken vengeance on Nabal, Abigail, hearing of her husband’s folly, prepared a substantial
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Abigail
ABIGAIL (Heb. ’aḇîḡayil, ‘my father is joy’ (?)).1. The wife of Nabal the Carmelite or Calebite, a wealthy boor who lived in Maon, was a contrast to her husband. She realized that his veiled insult in his refusal to give gifts to David’s men, at the time of sheep-shearing, endangered the whole household,
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Abigail
Abigail (Heb. ʾăḇɩ̂g̱ayil, ʾăḇɩ̂g̱al)1. Wife of Nabal, then David (1 Sam. 25), and mother of David’s second-born son, named variously Chileab (2 Sam. 3:3), Daniel (1 Chr. 3:1), or Daluiah (2 Sam. 3:3 LXX). Abigail accompanied David on his visit to King Achish at Gath (1 Sam. 27:3) and was later
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Abigail
Abigail [ăbˊə gāl] (Heb. ˒aḇîg̱ayil [K 1 Sam. 25:18], probably “my father rejoices”).†
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Abigail
ABIGAIL (Hebrew, “my father rejoices”)1. The wife of Nabal of Carmel in Judah and, after Nabal’s death, of David (1 Sam 25; 2 Sam 3:3). She is described as an attractive and sensible woman (1 Sam 25:3). While married to Nabal, Abigail prevented David’s massacre of Nabal and his household when her husband
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Abigail
Ab´igail (father, i.e., source, of joy).1. The beautiful wife of Nabal, a wealthy owner of goats and sheep in Carmel. (b.c. 1060.) When David’s messengers were slighted by Nabal, Abigail supplied David and his followers with provisions, and succeeded in appeasing his anger. Ten days after this Nabal
See also
Relatives
Jesse Father
Nahash Mother
David Brother
Eliab Brother
Shimea Brother
Abinadab Brother
Nethanel Brother
Ozem Brother
Raddai Brother
Zeruiah Sister
Amasa Son
Solomon Nephew
Joab Nephew
Absalom Nephew
Abishai Nephew
Adonijah Nephew
Amnon Nephew
Tamar Niece
Asahel Nephew
Obed Grandfather
Son of David Nephew
Nathan Nephew
Jonadab Nephew
Shammua Nephew
Chileab Nephew
Shobab Nephew
Jonathan Nephew
Eliphelet Nephew
Elishama Nephew
Japhia Nephew
Shephatiah Nephew
Ithream Nephew
Nepheg Nephew
Eliada Nephew
Jerimoth Nephew
Elishua Nephew
Ibhar Nephew
Abihail Niece
Nogah Nephew
Elpelet Nephew