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Abel-Keramim
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A city south of the Jabbok River; taken by Jephthah the Israelite judge when subjugating the Ammonites (Judg 11:33). Abel Keramim literally means “meadow of the vineyards,” indicating a viticultural site.Abel Keramim appears in the story of Jephthah in Judg 10:6–12:7 during a time of Ammonite oppression. The text states that Jephthah defeated the Ammonites “from Aroer as far as Minnith, twenty towns, up to Abel Keramim” (Judg 11:33). The town of Aroer is mentioned in Josh 13:25 as being before Rabbah (modern Amman) when coming from Gad.The location of Abel Keramim is not certain. It may be the town of Abila, described in EusebiusOnomasticon as being six milestones south of Philadelphia (modern Amman, Jordan). This description, combined with the general location of Aroer, puts Abel Keramim in an area that, at one time, was close to the border between the Ammonites and the Reubenites.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Abel-Keramim
Abel Keramim (אָבֵל כְּרָמִים‎, avel keramim). A city south of the Jabbok River; taken by Jephthah the Israelite judge when subjugating the Ammonites (Judg 11:33). Abel Keramim literally means “meadow of the vineyards,” indicating a viticultural site.Abel Keramim appears in the story of Jephthah in Judg
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Abel-Keramim (Place)
ABEL-KERAMIM (PLACE) [Heb ʾābēl kĕrāmı̂m (אָבֵל כְּרָמִים)]. A town on the border of the Ammonites (Judg 11:33), probably identical with Abila in Eusebius’ Onomast. (32, 14–16 Klostermann). According to Eusebius, the distance from Abila to Philadelphia/Rabbath Ammon/Amman is 6 roman leagues. Based
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Abel-keramim
Abel-keramim. City taken by Jephthah the Israelite judge when subjugating the Ammonites (Jgs 11:33, kjv plain of the vineyards). It was located south of the Jabbok River, perhaps near the modern city of Amman.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Abel-Keramim
Abel-Keramim āʹbəl-kerʹə-mim [Heb. ’āḇēl kerāmîm—‘meadow of vineyards’]; AV “plain of the vineyards.” A city mentioned in Jgs. 11:33 along with Aroer,Minnith, and “twenty cities,” in summarizing Jephthah’s campaign against the Ammonites. Eusebius and Jerome speak of it as in their time a village
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Abel-Keramim
ABEL-KERAMIM City taken by Jephthah the Israelite judge when he conquered the Ammonites (Jgs 11:33). It was located south of the Jabbok River.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Abel-Keramim
Abel-Keramim (Heb. ʾāḇēl kĕrāmɩ̂m)A city in Ammon, to which Jephthah pursued the Ammonites (Judg. 11:33; Heb. “pasture of the vineyards”). It has been identified variously with modern Naʿūr (228142), ca. 14 km. (9 mi.) from Amman; Tell el-ʿUmeiri (234142), 10 km. (6 mi.) S of Amman; and Tell Saḥāb
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Abel Keramim
Abel-Keramim [āˊbəl kĕrˊə mĭm] (Heb. ˒ḇēl kerāmîm “meadow of vineyards”). A city in Ammon, to which Jephthah pursued the Ammonites (Judg. 11:33; KJV “plain of the vineyards”). According to some scholars it is now the city of Na‛ur, about 14 km. (9 mi.) from Amman.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Abel-Keramim
ABEL-KERAMIM (Hebrew, “meadow of the vineyards”) A city in Ammon, east of the Jordan. Jephthah defeated the Ammonites and pursued them to Abel-Keramim (Judg 11:32–33).
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Abel-Keramim
A´BEL-KERA´MIM (āʹbel-keramim), or Abel Keramim (NIV). A place E of the Jordan to which Jephthah pursued the Ammonites (Judg. 11:33), and possibly now represented by a ruin bearing the name of Biet el-kerm—“house of the vine”—to the N of Kerak. Its location cannot be definitely determined.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Abel-Cheramim
Abel-Cheramim(Judg. 11:33, R.V.; A. V., “plain of the vineyards”), a village of the Ammonites, whither Jephthah pursued their forces.
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Abel Keramim
ABEL KERAMIM [A bell CARE uh meem] (meadow of vineyards) — a city east of the Jordan River and northeast of the Dead Sea. Abel Keramim was the farthest extent of Jephthah’s military campaign against the Ammonites (Judg. 11:33; Abel Cheramim, KJV).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ABEL-CHERAMIM
ABEL-CHERAMIM<a’-bel-ker’-a-mim> (אֳבֵל כּרָמִים‎ [’abhel keramim], “meadow of vineyards”): A city mentioned in the Revised Version (British and American) in Judges 11:33, along with Aroer, Minnith, and “twenty cities,” in summarizing Jephthah’s campaign against the Ammonites. The King James Version
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