Abel (son of Adam)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Second son of Adam and Eve (Gen 4:2) and brother of Cain. Abel was murdered by Cain after God accepted his sacrifice and not Cain’s.
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
ABEL (PERSON) [Heb hebel (הֶבֶל)]. Second son of Adam and Eve (Gen 4:2). Abel was a herdsman who gave as a sacrifice to the Lord the firstborn of his flock and their fat portions. Yahweh’s acceptance of this sacrifice and the rejection of the gift of Abel’s brother, Cain, set the latter at enmity with
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Abel (Person). Second male child of Adam and Eve (Gn 4:2). The meaning of the name in Hebrew is unknown, but vanity, vapor, and fragility have been suggested. More likely the name is related to Sumerian and Akkadian words meaning “son” and was thus used as a generic term for the human race.Abel’s older
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Abel āʹbəl [Heb. hāḇel; Gk. Abel]. The second son of Adam and Eve (Gen. 4:1–9). His name may be derived from Akk. aplu, “son,” and is perhaps generic in nature.A herdsman, Abel presented to God a more acceptable sacrifice than his brother Cain, and was subsequently killed by the latter in a fit
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
ABEL (Person) Second male child of Adam and Eve (Gn 4:2). The name is probably related to Sumerian and Akkadian words meaning “son” and was thus used as a generic term for the human race.Abel’s older brother, Cain, was engaged in agriculture, but Abel himself was a shepherd. When both brothers brought
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Abel (ay´buhl; Heb., “breath, vapor”), the second son of Adam and Eve (Gen. 4:1–16). In the biblical narrative, Abel is a shepherd who offers an acceptable sacrifice to God and is thereafter murdered by his jealous brother, Cain. The meaning of his name suggests the fragile quality of his life. In the
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
ABEL1. The second son of Adam, who was a shepherd. His offering to God was from the “firstlings of the flock,” an offering more acceptable than Cain’s offering of grain and vegetables. Whether Abel’s was preferred because it involved the shedding of life and hence was symbolic of life, or whether it
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
ABEL. The second son of Adam and Eve, and the brother (perhaps the twin, Gn. 4:1–2) of *Cain. The name is sometimes connected with Akkadian aplu, Sumerian ibila, ‘son’, or Akkadian ibilu, ‘camel’, but these remain conjectures. Abel was a righteous (dikaios, Mt. 23:35) man and when he, as a shepherd (Gn.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
ABEL [āˊbəl]. (Heb. heḇel, hāḇel) (PERSON). The second son of Adam and Eve (Gen. 4:1–2); he was a keeper of sheep. While Eve explained the name of her firstborn son, she did not do so with her second. Heb. heḇel means “breath,” “transitoriness,” “vanity,” but meaning may have been coincidental
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
abel הבלI. Abel is a novelistic figure in Gen 4. His name is etymologically related to hebel ‘breath; nullity; vapor’ (→Vanities). He has been related to the personal name é-bil // ʾà-bil in texts from Ebla. Within the paradigm that the antediluvian patriarchs were demigods or at least heroes, Gordon
Catholic Bible Dictionary
ABEL Second son of Adam and Eve (Gen 4:2) and brother of Cain. Whereas Cain became a tiller of the ground, Abel was a herdsman and willingly gave as a sacrifice to the Lord the firstborn of his flock as well as their fat portions. Yahweh found Abel’s sacrifice acceptable and rejected that of Cain. Succumbing