The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
ABBA. A form of the Aramaic word for “father” found in Gal 4:6; Rom 8:15; and Mark 14:36 alongside the Greek ho patēr as an address to God. The presence of ho patēr in every case (instead of the vocative pater) shows that the NT writers saw abba as a determinative form: ʾabbāʾ, “the father”; cf. Matt
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Abba. Aramaic word for “Father” which is applied to God in Mark 14:36; Romans 8:15; and Galatians 4:6.See God, Names of.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Abba aʹbə [GK. abbá, a transliterated loanword from Aram ’abbā’, which represents two homonyms in Jewish Palestinian Aramaic that are identical orthographically and phonetically, but distinct morphologically; one homonym may be translated as ‘the father’ or ‘my father,’ the other as ‘dada,’ ‘daddy.’].
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
ABBA Aramaic word for “father,” which is applied to God in Mark 14:36; Romans 8:15; and Galatians 4:6. The name expresses a very intimate and inseparable relationship between Christ and the Father and between believers (children) and God (Father).
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Abba (ah´buh, ab´uh), the definite form of the Aramaic word for “father,” typically used in direct address. The word suggests familial intimacy and was used by Jesus and early Christians for addressing God (Mark 14:36; cf. Rom. 8:15; Gal. 4:6). See also father; names of God in the New Testament.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
ABBA (Aramaic “father”). Especially a name by which God was addressed in prayer. In the NT it occurs three times, being accompanied by the Gr. equivalent (Mk 14:36; Rom 8:15; Gal 4:6). But this Aramaic term may lie behind numerous references to God as Father where only the Gr. is given in the NT. See
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
ABBA. An Aramaic word, in the emphatic state, meaning ‘father’. The word passed into Hebrew, and occurs frequently in TB, where it is used by a child to its father and also as a style of address to rabbis. The term conveyed both a sense of warm intimacy and also filial respect; but in Jewish circles
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Abba (Gk. abbá)A term used to address God. All three NT occurrences are followed by the nominative translation “(the) Father.” Mark claims that Jesus addressed God as “Abba Father” in Gethsemane (14:36), but both Matthew (26:39, 42) and Luke (22:42) omit the word Abba. Paul asserted that the Spirit
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Abba [ăbˊə, äˊbə] (Gk. abbá; Aram. ˒abbā˒, emphatic form of ˒āḇ).† Another name for “father” mentioned three times in the New Testament, always in the context of prayer. Unlike Matthew and Luke, Mark adds the word “Abba” to Jesus’ pleading with the Father (14:36), indicating that Jesus prayed
Catholic Bible Dictionary
ABBA The Aramaic term for “Father” that occurs three times in the New Testament (Mark 14:36; Rom 8:15; Gal 4:6). Each time it is used, the Greek translation is attached to it, giving us “Abba, Father” in the English translation. In the Bible, the term was first uttered by Jesus (Mark 14:36) and was thereafter
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Abba. The Aramaic word for ‘Father’. It occurs three times in the NT, Mk. 14:36, Rom. 8:15, and Gal. 4:6, in each case with its Greek equivalent (Ἀββᾶ, ὁ Πατήρ, ‘Abba, Father’). It is used as a title for individual Desert Fathers, e.g. in the *Apophthegmata Patrum.S. V. McCasland, ‘ “Abba, Father” ’,
Key passages
Mk 14:36

And he said, “Abba, Father, all things are possible for you! Take away this cup from me! Yet not what I will, but what you will.”

Ro 8:15

For you have not received a spirit of slavery leading to fear again, but you have received the Spirit of adoption, by whom we cry out, “Abba! Father!”

Ga 4:6

And because you are sons, God sent out the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying out, “Abba! (Father!),”