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Abaddon
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A Hebrew word meaning “perishing” or “going to ruin”; used figuratively to describe the underworld. In three instances in the OT, Abaddon is mentioned along with Sheol (Job 26:6; Prov 15:11; 27:20). In Job 31:12, Abaddon could be an abstract concept or a place. The Old Testament personifies Abaddon, making it synonymous with insatiability (Prov 27:20). Job describes it as having a voice (Job 28:22). Abaddon is mysterious—only God understands it (Job 26:6; Prov 15:11), and God is not praised there (Psa 88:11).In the New Testament, the word occurs only once: The author of Revelation names the “angel of the bottomless pit” Abaddon (Apollyon in Greek; Rev 9:11).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Abaddon
Abaddon (אֲבַדּוֹן‎, avaddon, Ἀβαδδών, Abaddōn). A Hebrew word meaning “perishing” or “going to ruin”; used figuratively to describe the underworld. In three instances in the OT, Abaddon is mentioned along with Sheol (Job 26:6; Prov 15:11; 27:20). In Job 31:12, Abaddon could be an abstract concept or
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Abaddon
ABADDON [Heb ʾăbaddôn (אֲבַדֹּון)]. Derived from Heb ʾābad, “became lost,” “be ruined, destroyed,” “perish,” Abaddon has a variety of nuanced meanings.A poetic synonym for the abode of the dead, meaning “Destruction,” or “(the place of) destruction.” Abaddon occurs in parallel and in conjunction
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Abaddon
Abaddon. “Place of destruction,” a Hebrew word that occurs six times in the OT, generally referring to the place of the dead (Jb 26:6; 28:22; 31:12; Ps 88:11; Prv 15:11; 27:20). It serves as a synonym for Sheol and is variously translated “hell,” “death,” “the grave,” or “destruction.”The same Hebrew
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Abaddon
Abaddon ə̌-badʹən [Heb. aḇaddôn—‘(place of) destruction’; Gk. Abaddōn]; NEB also DESTRUCTION. In the OT, a place name for the realm of the dead. In three instances Abaddon is paralleled with Sheol (Job 26:6; Prov. 15:11; 27:20), while in Job 28:22 it parallels Death, and in Ps. 88:11 the grave.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Abaddon
ABADDON Hebrew word that means “place of destruction.” The word occurs six times in the OT, generally referring to the place of the dead (Jb 26:6; 28:22; 31:12; Ps 88:11; Prv 15:11; 27:20). It serves as a synonym for Sheol and is variously translated “hell,” “death,” “the grave,” or “destruction.” The
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Abaddon
Abaddon (uh-bad´uhn; Heb., “destruction”).1 In the Hebrew Bible, a place of destruction for the dead (Ps. 88:11; Job 26:6; 28:22; 31:12; Prov. 15:11). The term is typically regarded as a synonym for Sheol (cf. Prov. 27:20); if there is any distinction, it might be that people are sometimes said to be
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Abaddon
ABADDON. This word occurs six times in the OT (RSV) as the name of a place (Job 26:6; Prov 15:11; 27:20; Job 28:22; Ps 88:11; Job 31:12). In the first three it is a synonym for Shelol, in the next for death, in the next for grave, and in the last it is possibly to be taken in a general sense for ruin.
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Abaddon
ABADDON. The satanic angel of the bottomless pit (Rev. 9:11) whose Greek name is given as Apollyon, ‘destroyer’. In Hebrew ’aḇaddôn means ‘(place of) destruction’, and in the OT it is used as a synonym of *death and Sheol. (*Hell).J. D. Douglas.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Abaddon
Abaddon (Heb. ʾăḇaddôn)The “place of destruction,” from the verb ʾāḇaḏ, “to perish” or “to fail.” In its five occurrences in the OT (Ps. 88:11 [MT 12]; Job 26:6; 28:22; 31:12; Prov. 15:11), it is a synonym of “Sheol.”In the NT Gk. Abadd̂n is the name of an angel that rules over the deadly swarm
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Abaddon
Abaddon [ə bădˊ ən]. In the Old Testament Abaddon (which the RSV renders as a proper name) is the heinous place of the dead (Heb. ˒aḇaddôn “[place of] destruction”; KJV, NIV “destruction”; JB “perdition”); it is linked with Sheol. (e.g., Job 26:6), and personifies Death (28:22) and the grave
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Abaddon
AbaddonI. The noun ʾăbaddôn is derived from the Heb root אבד, which is common Semitic (cf. Ug and Aram ʾbd, Akk abātu) and means ‘to destroy’. The Hebrew noun has the meaning ‘place of destruction’ which basically fits all occurrences in the Bible; only in the NT is Ἀβαδδών (Rev 9:11) construed
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Abaddon
ABADDON (Hebrew, “destruction”) The name is used with several meanings. These include ruin and destruction in a broad sense (Job 31:12), a place of destruction, and the abyss in the sense of the abode of the dead (Job 26:6; Prov 15:11). Other references are found in Psalms (88:11) and Job (28:22). Abaddon
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