A soldier pierces Jesus’ side
Soldiers broke the legs of the two criminals who were crucified with Jesus. One of them pierced Jesus’ side with a spear.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Pierce [Heb. nāqaḇ (2 K. 18:21; Job 40:24; 41:2 [ MT 40:26]; Isa. 36:6; Hab. 3:14), dāqar (Nu. 25:8; Zec. 12:10; 13:3), polel of ḥālal (Job 26:13; Isa. 51:9), ḥālap̱—‘pass through’ (Jgs. 5:26), pual of ṭāʿan (Isa. 14:19), yāṣāʾ—‘go,’ ‘come out’ (2 K. 9:24), māḥaṣ—‘smite through, wound severely’ (Nu.
The Eerdmans Encyclopedia of Early Christian Art and Archaeology, Volumes 1–3
Diatretus(διάτρητος). Adjective meaning “bored through” or “pierced” (Galen, 2.668). In archaeological nomenclature, with reference to glass, the adjective denotes openwork (Ulpian, Digest, calicem diatretum; Hilgers.1969, cat. no. 135; → Glass: Cage Cup). The adjective can also be applied
Key passages
Jn 19:31–37

Then the Jews, because it was the day of preparation, so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was an important day), asked Pilate that their legs could be broken and they could be taken away. So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first and of …