A criminal asks Jesus to remember him
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Two Criminals
Two Criminals The two unnamed men who were crucified with Jesus (Luke 23:32–33). According to the apocryphal Gospel of Nicodemus, the penitent criminal was named Dismas, and the one who refused to repent was named Gestas. The Narrative by Joseph of Arimathea names the first criminal Demas.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Thieves the two
Thieves, The two. The men who under this name appear in the history of the crucifixion were robbers rather than thieves, belonging to the lawless bands by which Palestine was at that time and afterward infested. Against these brigands every Roman procurator had to wage continual war. It was necessary
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Thieves, the two
Thieves, The two(Luke 23:32, 39–43), robbers, rather brigands, probably followers of Barabbas. Our Lord’s cross was placed between those of the “malefactors,” to add to the ignominy of his position. According to tradition, Demas or Dismas was the name of the penitent thief hanging on the right, and
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Criminals, Two
CRIMINALS, TWO — two men who were crucified at the same time as Jesus, one on His right hand and the other on His left (Luke 23:32–33, 39; malefactors, KJV). Apparently, these men not only broke the law but also were guilty of armed, violent rebellion against Roman rule.
Key passages
Lk 23:39–43

And one of the criminals who were hanged there reviled him, saying, “Are you not the Christ? Save yourself—and us!” But the other answered and rebuked him, saying, “Do you not even fear God, because you are undergoing the same condemnation? And we indeed justly, for we are receiving what …

See also
Important Things
Topics & Themes