A Thief
Any person who steals.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Steal; Theft; Thief
Steal; Theft; Thief (Heb. gānaḇ; Gk. kleptō and cognates; the AV also uses “thief” in eleven Gospel passages to translate the Gk. lȩ̄stḗs [RSV “robber”; see Rob, Robber]). These terms occur over seventy-five times in the Bible.Whereas robbery denotes the taking away of something from someone
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Robber, Robbery
ROBBER, ROBBERY. Robbery is taking another’s property by force or threat. The word “robber” does not represent any particular Heb. word in the OT (cf. the RSV changes from the KJV in such passages as Job 5:5; 18:9; Prov 21:7; Nah 3:1).Job 1:15, 17; Num 31:1–54, and the book of Judges bear witness to
THIEF. One Heb. and two Gr. words are so translated in KJV, but one of the latter is “robbers” in ASV, which accords better with the precise meaning of that word. “Thief” suggests stealth; “robber” suggests violence. Jesus, in Jn 10:8, speaks of both “thieves and robbers,” referring to those who had
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Rob, Robber, Robbery
ROB, ROBBER, ROBBERY. These words are each the rendering of a number of Heb. and Gk. words. Theft and plunder, systematically organized, have ever been principal employments of the nomad tribes of the East since Ishmael the Bedouin became a “wild donkey of a man” and a robber by trade (Gen. 16:12), and
THIEVES. The prophet Isaiah (Isa. 1:23) says of the Israelite rulers that they were “companions of thieves,” meaning that they allowed themselves to be bribed by presents of stolen goods so they would overlook acts of injustice. The men who under this name appear in the crucifixion account were robbers
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
THIEF — any person who takes something he does not own. Mosaic Law provided strict penalties for thieves. A thief who slaughtered a stolen ox was required to pay back five. When a thief was killed while robbing a house, the killer of that thief was without guilt (Ex. 22:1–2). Jesus was crucified between
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
Rob, Robber
Rob, RobberBehind the related terms robber and thief in our English Bibles lie several words in the Greek NT and in the Hebrew OT, and significant English translations vary in their translation of these various terms. For example, in an image of ferocity, “a bear robbed of her cubs” (2 Sam 17:8 RSV;
ThiefIn English the general distinction is made between a robber, who uses the threat or exercise of force or violence in the act of stealing, and a thief, who takes the property of others by stealth, cunning or slight of hand. The distinction is not rigid, however, for in John 10:1–10 the images of
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ROBBER; ROBBERY<rob’-er>, <rob’-er-i>: “Robber” represents no particular Hebrew word in the Old Testament, but in the Apocrypha and the New Testament is always a translation of [ληστής, lestes] (see THIEF). In the King James Version Job 5:5; 18:9, “robber” stands for the doubtful word [צַמּים‎,
THIEF<thef>: In the Old Testament the uniform translation (17 times) of גַּנָּב‎ [gannabh], from [ganabh], “steal,” but [gannabh] is rather broader than the English “thief,” and may even include a kidnapper (Dt 24:7). In Apocrypha and the New Testament, the King James Version uses “thief” indifferently
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Thieves. Theft and robbery have characterized the East from a very early period to the present day. The New Testament furnishes ample proof that during our Lord’s times thieves were numerous (Matt. 6:19; 21:13), and bands of robbers were scarcely less numerous (Mark 15:7). In the parable of the Good
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
THIEF (κλέπτης).—Thieves are mentioned in the following passages of the Gospels, besides several others where RV substitutes ‘robber’ as the equivalent of λῃστής. See Robber. 1. Mt 6:19, 20 = Lk 12:23. Christ’s disciples should have their treasure where thieves do not break (lit. ‘dig’) through and
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Robber, Robbery
ROBBER, robʹēr, ROBBERY, robʹẽr-ī: “Robber” represents no particular Heb word in the OT, but in the Apoc and the NT is always a tr of ληστής, lēstḗs (see Thief). In AV Job 5:5; 18:9, “robber” stands for the doubtful word צַמִּים‎, çarnmīm, RV “hungry” in 5:5 and “snare” in 18:9. The meaning is
THIEF, thēf: In the OT the uniform tr (17 t) of גַּנָּב‎, gannābh, from gānabh, “steal,” but gannābh is rather broader than the Eng. “thief,” and may even include a kidnapper (Dt 24:7). In Apoc and the NT, AV uses “thief” indifferently for κλέπτης, kléptēs, and ληστής, lēstḗs, but RV always renders
Encyclopedia of Ancient Christianity
Thief, Good
THIEF, GOOD. Mentioned once in the gospels (Lk 23:39–43, par.) and several times in the apocrypha: in the Arab Gospel (30), the Gospel of Nicodemus (10), the Visio Theophili and esp. in the History of Joseph of Arimathea. These works give him various names: Titus, Demas, Dismas. He is mentioned often