A Tax Collector
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Tax Collector
Tax Collector Someone responsible for collecting taxes and tolls on behalf of the Roman government.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Tax Collector
TAX COLLECTOR. Among the NT writings, only the Synoptic Gospels recount Jesus’ association with tax collectors (telōnai, KJV, “publicans”). Three problems attend this picture: (1) the identity and status of the telōnai, (2) the moral evaluation of them, and (3) the significance of Jesus as “a friend
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tax Collector
Tax Collector [Gk. telṓnēs; Lat publicanus]; AV PUBLICAN; NEB TAX-GATHERER; CHIEF TAX COLLECTOR [Gk. architelṓnēs] (Lk. 19:2); AV CHIEF AMONG THE PUBLICANS; NEB SUPERINTENDENT OF TAXES. In the era the Romans collected a variety of indirect taxes and tolls (in contrast to the direct poll and land
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Tax Collector
TAX COLLECTOR One who collected taxes for the government. In NT times the Romans collected a variety of taxes. Their own officers undertook some of this work but also delegated it to private individuals, Jews and others, who were required to return to the authorities an agreed-upon sum. Dishonest individuals
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Tax Collectors
tax collectors, persons responsible for collecting tolls and taxes on behalf of the Roman government. In areas ruled by the Roman Empire, contracts for collecting taxes in a region were farmed out, usually to wealthy foreigners. These persons, in turn, hired local inhabitants to collect the taxes, such
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
PUBLICAN. A subordinate collector of tax or customs for the Romans. The NT publicans, mentioned only in the Synoptic Gospels, are to be distinguished from the Roman publicani, who never appear in the NT. The publicani, generally living in Rome, were capitalists who, individually or jointly, purchased
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Tax Collector
TAX COLLECTOR. The Gk. word telōnēs (av ‘publican’) means a collector of tax or custom on behalf of the Romans, employed by a tax farmer or contractor. As early as 212 bc there existed in Rome a class of men (ordo publicanorum, Livy, 25. 3. 8–19) who undertook state contracts of various kinds. They
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Tax Collectors
TAX COLLECTORS Officials who collected monies from taxpayers on behalf of governing authorities. Typically, a tax collector was a private businessman who paid the government a fixed amount estimated according to various calculations. Any amount collected over the calculated estimate could be kept by
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
publican. The word used in the traditional English versions of the Bible to translate the Greek term τελώνης (Lat. publicanus), a member of one of the financial organizations which farmed the taxes in the service of the Roman government. In view of the abuses and corruptions to which the system led,
tax-collector, tax-gatherer
tax-collector, tax-gatherer. Terms used in the modern versions of the Bible to replace *publican (q.v.).
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Publican. The class designated by this word in the New Testament were employed as collectors of the Roman revenue. The Roman senate farmed the vectigalia (direct taxes) and the portoria (customs) to capitalists who undertook to pay a given sum into the treasury (in publicum), and so received the name
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
TAX-GATHERER (Gk. telōnēs; KJV “publican”). A collector of the Roman revenue. The Roman Senate had found it convenient, at a period as early as—if not earlier than—the second Punic war, to farm the vectigalia (direct taxes) and the portoria (customs) to capitalists, who undertook to pay a given sum