Any person engaged or officially trained in military combat.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
soldier, a person involved in military activity, one who is trained for war. The word “soldier(s)” appears in the Bible quite frequently, along with a number of synonymous terms such as “troops” or “warriors” (1 Chron. 12:23–38) or “men bearing arms” (Judg. 8:10). During the biblical period, soldiers
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Soldiersoldier, a person involved in military activity, one who is trained for war. The word ‘soldier’ appears in the Bible quite frequently, along with a number of synonymous terms (see 1 Chron. 12:23–38 for an extensive list of examples). Special attention should be drawn to the phrase ‘men who drew
Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
Soldier originally meant a hireling or mercenary; one paid a solidus for military service; but hireling and soldier convey now very different ideas. (See above.)To come the old soldier over one. To dictate peremptorily and profess superiority of knowledge and experience.
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Solʹdier, a man engaged in military service. The designation ordinarily applies to a private or one in the ranks, but sometimes to the officer of any grade who approves himself to be a man of distinguished valor and skill. The word in its singular form is not found in the Old Testament of our Authorized
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
SOLDIERS.—Throughout the Roman Empire, and especially in a prætorian province like Syria, of which the various divisions of Palestine practically formed part, soldiers were a common sight, and took a prominent share in the administration of affairs. The references to them, however, in the Gospels, except,
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
SOLDIER Person trained to fight, usually on active military duty. In early Israelite history every male was called on to fight when the tribes were threatened. David was the first to put together a national army made up of professional soldiers. Kings often had a personal group of soldiers to guard them.