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A Slave
Any person specifically and individually subject to another human being.
Dictionaries
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Slave, Slavery
Slave, Slavery. Person owned as property by another, and the relationship that bound the owner and the slave. Slavery was widespread in the ancient Near East, although the economy was not dependent upon it. By Roman times Slavery was so extensive that in the early Christian period one out of every two
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Servant; Slave
Servant; Slave [Heb. ʿeḇeḏ̱ (Gen. 18:3, 5; Ex. 12:44; 21:2; Nu. 11:11; 1 K. 1:26; etc.), naʿar (Gen. 18:7; Jgs. 7:10f.; Ruth 2:5; 2 S. 9:9; 1 K. 18:43; etc.), ʾāmâ (“maid-servant,” Ex. 20:10, 17; “servant,” 2 S. 14:16; etc.; “slave woman,” Gen. 21:12; “female slave,” Lev. 25:6), šip̱ḥâ (1 S.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Slave, Slavery
SLAVE, SLAVERY Person owned as property by another, and the relationship that bound the owner and the slave. Slavery was widespread in the ancient Near East, although the economy was not dependent upon it. By Roman times, slavery was so extensive that in the early Christian period one out of every two
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Servant
Servant (Heb. ˓eḇeḏ; Gk. doúlos).† A male or female person who is under obligation to render obedience to a master.
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
Servant, Service
Servant, ServiceBelievers and their leaders are referred to as servants or slaves of God in the literature covered by this dictionary. In various places the work of the Twelve, Paul and his colleagues, other apostles, prophets, bishops, presbyters, teachers, deacons and the compassionate acts of believers
Slave, Slavery
Slave, SlaveryIn the hierarchical societies of the early Roman Empire, the legal ownership of human beings who could be used as property (chattel slavery) had long been widespread and regarded as appropriate and moral. Polybius, the Greek historian of Rome’s rise to power, noted that both slaves and
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Slave
Slave. The institution of slavery was recognized, though not established, by the Mosaic law with a view to mitigate its hardship and to secure to every man his ordinary rights.I. Hebrew slaves.—1. The circumstances under which a Hebrew might be reduced to servitude were—(1) poverty; (2) the commission
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Slave
SlaveJer. 2:14 (A.V.), but not there found in the original. In Rev. 18:13 the word “slaves” is the rendering of a Greek word meaning “bodies.” The Hebrew and Greek words for slave are usually rendered simply “servant,” “bondman,” or “bondservant.” Slavery as it existed under the Mosaic law has no modern
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Servant
Servantservant, a term in the English Bible often meaning slave as well as a hired attendant, since the English translates several Greek and Hebrew words that range in meaning from a hired servant to a slave bought or taken in war. In the ot ‘servant’ is a frequent translation of the Hebrew ebed, the
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Slave, Slavery
SLAVE, SLAVERY — a person bound in servitude to another human being as an instrument of labor; one who is no longer free and has no rights.An ancient practice (Gen. 9:25), slavery existed in several different forms in biblical times. Household or domestic slavery was its most common form; this is illustrated
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
Slave, Slavery
Slave, SlaveryIn the Bible a slave is the economic asset, legal property and complete responsibility of his or her purchaser. While the words are sometimes used interchangeably, a lower social status generally distinguishes a slave from a servant, but advancement is possible and very common. Though
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