Any person hired by another to serve them.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
SERVANT A person under obligation to serve a master, who in turn would provide a measure of protection. Some servants were slaves under legal bondage; others were servants voluntarily. It is not always possible to distinguish among “servant,” “slave,” “bondman,” and “bondwoman.” Several words in both
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
servant. The word “servant” is used over eight hundred times in the Bible (i.e., nrsv), and in the great majority of instances where the application is literal the reference is to a slave rather than to a hired attendant. Both the Hebrew word ‘ebed and the Greek word doulos normally have the literal
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
ServantA person employed or otherwise bound to serve and discharge duties for another. Many servants mentioned in the Bible are clearly not slaves, but in a form of dependent labor different from actual chattel slavery. Heb. ʿeḇeḏ and Gk. doúlos each cover wide semantic domains that name a variety
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Servant (Heb. ˓eḇeḏ; Gk. doúlos).† A male or female person who is under obligation to render obedience to a master.
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Servant, serviceVarious types of service are mentioned in Paul’s letters: the service rendered by slaves; the service of Paul, his colleagues and believers generally, and also of those appointed to fulfill special functions within the Christian communities; the service rendered by governing authorities.
Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
Servant, ServiceBelievers and their leaders are referred to as servants or slaves of God in the literature covered by this dictionary. In various places the work of the Twelve, Paul and his colleagues, other apostles, prophets, bishops, presbyters, teachers, deacons and the compassionate acts of believers
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Servantservant, a term in the English Bible often meaning slave as well as a hired attendant, since the English translates several Greek and Hebrew words that range in meaning from a hired servant to a slave bought or taken in war. In the ot ‘servant’ is a frequent translation of the Hebrew ebed, the
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
ServantThere are many different types of servants and service in Scripture: a personal attendant, such as Gehazi to Elisha (2 Kings 4:12); a disciple and potential successor, such as Joshua to Moses or Elisha to Elijah (Ex 24:13; 1 Kings 19:21); a trusted employee, such as Abraham’s servant (Gen 24:2);