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The Passover and the Festival of Unleavened Bread

12:14–20pp—Lev 23:4–8; Nu 28:16–25; Dt 16:1–8

12 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron in Egypt, “This month is to be for you the first month,s the first month of your year. Tell the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month each man is to take a lamba t for his family, one for each household.u If any household is too small for a whole lamb, they must share one with their nearest neighbor, having taken into account the number of people there are. You are to determine the amount of lamb needed in accordance with what each person will eat. The animals you choose must be year-old males without defect,v and you may take them from the sheep or the goats. Take care of them until the fourteenth day of the month,w when all the members of the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight.x Then they are to take some of the bloody and put it on the sides and tops of the doorframes of the houses where they eat the lambs. That same nightz they are to eat the meat roasteda over the fire, along with bitter herbs,b and bread made without yeast.c Do not eat the meat raw or boiled in water, but roast it over a fire—with the head, legs and internal organs.d 10 Do not leave any of it till morning;e if some is left till morning, you must burn it. 11 This is how you are to eat it: with your cloak tucked into your belt, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. Eat it in haste;f it is the Lord’s Passover.g

12 “On that same night I will pass throughh Egypt and strike downi every firstbornj of both people and animals, and I will bring judgment on all the godsk of Egypt. I am the Lord.l 13 The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are, and when I see the blood, I will pass overm you. No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt.n

14 “This is a day you are to commemorate;o for the generations to come you shall celebrate it as a festival to the Lord—a lasting ordinance.p 15 For seven days you are to eat bread made without yeast.q On the first day remove the yeast from your houses, for whoever eats anything with yeast in it from the first day through the seventh must be cut offr from Israel. 16 On the first day hold a sacred assembly, and another one on the seventh day. Do no works at all on these days, except to prepare food for everyone to eat; that is all you may do.

17 “Celebrate the Festival of Unleavened Bread,t because it was on this very day that I brought your divisions out of Egypt.u Celebrate this day as a lasting ordinance for the generations to come.v 18 In the first monthw you are to eat bread made without yeast, from the evening of the fourteenth day until the evening of the twenty-first day. 19 For seven days no yeast is to be found in your houses. And anyone, whether foreignerx or native-born, who eats anything with yeast in it must be cut offy from the community of Israel. 20 Eat nothing made with yeast. Wherever you live,z you must eat unleavened bread.”a

21 Then Moses summoned all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Go at once and select the animals for your families and slaughter the Passoverb lamb. 22 Take a bunch of hyssop,c dip it into the blood in the basin and put some of the bloodd on the top and on both sides of the doorframe. None of you shall go out of the door of your house until morning. 23 When the Lord goes through the land to strikee down the Egyptians, he will see the bloodf on the top and sides of the doorframe and will pass overg that doorway, and he will not permit the destroyerh to enter your houses and strike you down.

24 “Obey these instructions as a lasting ordinancei for you and your descendants. 25 When you enter the landj that the Lord will give you as he promised, observe this ceremony. 26 And when your childrenk ask you, ‘What does this ceremony mean to you?’ 27 then tell them, ‘It is the Passoverl sacrifice to the Lord, who passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt and spared our homes when he struck down the Egyptians.’ ”m Then the people bowed down and worshiped.n 28 The Israelites did just what the Lord commandedo Moses and Aaron.

29 At midnightp the Lordq struck down all the firstbornr in Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh, who sat on the throne, to the firstborn of the prisoner, who was in the dungeon, and the firstborn of all the livestocks as well. 30 Pharaoh and all his officials and all the Egyptians got up during the night, and there was loud wailingt in Egypt, for there was not a house without someone dead.

The Exodus

31 During the night Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “Up! Leave my people, you and the Israelites! Go, worshipu the Lord as you have requested. 32 Take your flocks and herds,v as you have said, and go. And also blessw me.”

33 The Egyptians urged the people to hurryx and leavey the country. “For otherwise,” they said, “we will all die!”z 34 So the people took their dough before the yeast was added, and carried it on their shoulders in kneading troughsa wrapped in clothing. 35 The Israelites did as Moses instructed and asked the Egyptians for articles of silver and goldb and for clothing.c 36 The Lord had made the Egyptians favorably disposedd toward the people, and they gave them what they asked for; so they plunderede the Egyptians.

37 The Israelites journeyed from Ramesesf to Sukkoth.g There were about six hundred thousand menh on foot, besides women and children. 38 Many other peoplei went up with them, and also large droves of livestock, both flocks and herds. 39 With the dough the Israelites had brought from Egypt, they baked loaves of unleavened bread. The dough was without yeast because they had been driven outj of Egypt and did not have time to prepare food for themselves.

40 Now the length of time the Israelite people lived in Egyptb was 430 years.k 41 At the end of the 430 years, to the very day, all the Lord’s divisionsl left Egypt.m 42 Because the Lord kept vigil that night to bring them out of Egypt, on this night all the Israelites are to keep vigil to honor the Lord for the generations to come.n

Passover Restrictions

43 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “These are the regulations for the Passover meal:o

“No foreignerp may eat it. 44 Any slave you have bought may eat it after you have circumcisedq him, 45 but a temporary resident or a hired workerr may not eat it.

46 “It must be eaten inside the house; take none of the meat outside the house. Do not break any of the bones.s 47 The whole community of Israel must celebrate it.

48 “A foreigner residing among you who wants to celebrate the Lord’s Passover must have all the males in his household circumcised; then he may take part like one born in the land.t No uncircumcisedu male may eat it. 49 The same law applies both to the native-born and to the foreignerv residing among you.”

50 All the Israelites did just what the Lord had commandedw Moses and Aaron. 51 And on that very day the Lord brought the Israelites out of Egyptx by their divisions.y

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