Chapter 28

Garments of the Priests

1 “Then abring near to yourself Aaron your brother, and his sons with him, from among the sons of Israel, to minister as priest to Me—Aaron, bNadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron’s sons.

2 “You shall make aholy garments for Aaron your brother, for glory and for beauty.

3 “You shall speak to all the 1askillful persons bwhom I have endowed with 2the spirit of wisdom, that they make Aaron’s garments to consecrate him, that he may minister as priest to Me.

4 “These are the garments which they shall make: a 1abreastpiece and an ephod and a robe and a tunic of checkered work, a turban and a sash, and they shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother and his sons, that he may minister as priest to Me.

5 “They shall take athe gold and the 1blue and the purple and the scarlet material and the fine linen.

6 “They shall also make athe ephod of gold, of 1blue and purple and scarlet material and fine twisted linen, the work of the skillful workman.

7 “It shall have two shoulder pieces joined to its two ends, that it may be joined.

8 “The skillfully woven band, which is on it, shall be like its workmanship, 1of the same material: of gold, of 2blue and purple and scarlet material and fine twisted linen.

9 “You shall take two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel,

10 six of their names on the one stone and the names of the remaining six on the 1other stone, according to their birth.

11 “1As a jeweler engraves a signet, you shall engrave the two stones according to the names of the sons of Israel; you shall 2set them in filigree settings of gold.

12 “You shall put the two stones on the shoulder pieces of the ephod, as stones of memorial for the sons of Israel, and Aaron shall abear their names before the Lord on his two shoulders bfor a memorial.

13 “aYou shall make filigree settings of gold,

14 and two chains of pure gold; you shall make them of twisted cordage work, and you shall put the corded chains on the filigree settings.

15aYou shall make a 1breastpiece of judgment, the work of a skillful workman; like the work of the ephod you shall make it: of gold, of 2blue and purple and scarlet material and fine twisted linen you shall make it.

16 “It shall be square and folded double, a span 1in length and a span 1in width.

17 “You shall 1mount on it four rows of stones; the first row shall be a row of ruby, topaz and emerald;

18 and the second row a turquoise, a sapphire and a diamond;

19 and the third row a jacinth, an agate and an amethyst;

20 and the fourth row a beryl and an onyx and a jasper; they shall be 1set in gold filigree.

21 “The stones shall be according to the names of the sons of Israel: twelve, according to their names; they shall be like the engravings of a seal, each aaccording to his name for the twelve tribes.

22 “You shall make on the 1breastpiece chains of twisted cordage work in pure gold.

23 “You shall make on the breastpiece two rings of gold, and shall put the two rings on the two ends of the breastpiece.

24 “You shall put the two cords of gold on the two rings at the ends of the breastpiece.

25 “You shall put the other two ends of the two cords on the two filigree settings, and put them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod, at the front of it.

26 “You shall make two rings of gold and shall place them on the two ends of the breastpiece, on the edge of it, which is toward the inner side of the ephod.

27 “You shall make two rings of gold and put them on the bottom of the two shoulder pieces of the ephod, on the front of it close to the place where it is joined, above the skillfully woven band of the ephod.

28 “They shall bind the breastpiece by its rings to the rings of the ephod with a 1blue cord, so that it will be on the skillfully woven band of the ephod, and that the breastpiece will not come loose from the ephod.

29 “Aaron shall carry the names of the sons of Israel in the breastpiece of judgment over his heart when he enters the holy place, for a memorial before the Lord continually.

30 “aYou shall put in the breastpiece of judgment the 1bUrim and the Thummim, and they shall be over Aaron’s heart when he goes in before the Lord; and Aaron shall carry the judgment of the sons of Israel over his heart before the Lord continually.

31aYou shall make the robe of the ephod all of 1blue.

32 “There shall be an opening 1at its top in the middle of it; around its opening there shall be a binding of woven work, like the opening of a coat of mail, so that it will not be torn.

33 “You shall make on its hem pomegranates of blue and purple and scarlet material, all around on its hem, and bells of gold between them all around:

34 a golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, all around on the hem of the robe.

35 “It shall be on Aaron 1when he ministers; and 2its tinkling shall be heard when he enters and 3leaves the holy place before the Lord, so that he will not die.

36 “You shall also make aa plate of pure gold and shall engrave on it, like the engravings of a seal, bHoly to the Lord.’

37 “You shall 1fasten it on a 2blue cord, and it shall be on the turban; it shall be at the front of the turban.

38 “It shall be on Aaron’s forehead, and Aaron shall 1atake away the iniquity of the holy things which the sons of Israel consecrate, with regard to all their holy gifts; and it shall always be on his forehead, that bthey may be accepted before the Lord.

39 “You shall weave athe tunic of checkered work of fine linen, and shall make a turban of fine linen, and you shall make a sash, the work of a 1weaver.

40 “For Aaron’s sons you shall make atunics; you shall also make sashes for them, and you shall make 1bcaps for them, for glory and for beauty.

41 “You shall put them on Aaron your brother and on his sons with him; and you shall aanoint them and 1ordain them and consecrate them, that they may serve Me as priests.

42 “You shall make for them alinen breeches to cover their bare flesh; they shall 1reach from the loins even to the thighs.

43 “They shall be on Aaron and on his sons when they enter the tent of meeting, or awhen they approach the altar to minister in the holy place, so that they do not incur 1guilt and die. bIt shall be a statute forever to him and to his 2descendants after him.


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The New American Standard Bible, long considered a favorite study Bible by serious students of the Scriptures, has been completely revised and updated in this new 1995 translation. Preserving the Lockman Foundation's standard of creating a literal translation of the original Greek, Hebrew, and Aramaic manuscripts, the 1995 NASB provides a literal translation that is very readable. Formalized language and outdated words and phrases have been replaced with their contemporary counterparts. In short, the 1995 NASB is a Bible translation that is very conducive to word-by-word study and is also able to be read (and understood) by the whole family.


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