A Summary of Israel’s Victories
11:16 Joshua conquered the whole land,23 including the hill country, all the Negev, all the land of Goshen, the lowlands,24 the Arabah, the hill country of Israel and its lowlands, 11:17 from Mount Halak on up to Seir, as far as Baal Gad in the Lebanon Valley below Mount Hermon. He captured all their kings and executed them.25 11:18 Joshua campaigned against26 these kings for quite some time.27 11:19 No city made peace with the Israelites (except the Hivites living in Gibeon);28 they had to conquer all of them,29 11:20 for the Lord determined to make them obstinate so they would attack Israel. He wanted Israel to annihilate them without mercy, as he had instructed Moses.30
11:21 At that time Joshua attacked and eliminated the Anakites from the hill country31—from Hebron, Debir, Anab, and all the hill country of Judah and Israel.32 Joshua annihilated them and their cities. 11:22 No Anakites were left in Israelite territory, though some remained in Gaza, Gath, and Ashdod. 11:23 Joshua conquered33 the whole land, just as the Lord had promised Moses,34 and he assigned Israel their tribal portions.35 Then the land was free of war.
12:1 Now these are the kings of the land whom the Israelites defeated and drove from their land1 on the east side of the Jordan,2 from the Arnon Valley to Mount Hermon, including all the eastern Arabah:
12:2 King Sihon of the Amorites who lived3 in Heshbon and ruled from Aroer (on the edge of the Arnon Valley)—including the city in the middle of the valley4 and half of Gilead—all the way to the Jabbok Valley bordering Ammonite territory. 12:3 His kingdom included5 the eastern Arabah from the Sea of Kinnereth6 to the Sea of the Arabah (the Salt Sea),7 including the route to Beth Jeshimoth and the area southward below the slopes of Pisgah.
12:4 The territory of King Og of Bashan, one of the few remaining Rephaites,8 who lived9 in Ashtaroth and Edrei 12:5 and ruled over Mount Hermon, Salecah, all of Bashan to the border of the Geshurites and Maacathites, and half of Gilead as far as the border of King Sihon of Heshbon.
12:6 Moses the Lord’s servant and the Israelites defeated them and Moses the Lord’s servant assigned their land10 to Reuben, Gad, and the half tribe of Manasseh.
12:7 These are the kings of the land whom Joshua and the Israelites defeated on the west side of the Jordan, from Baal Gad in the Lebanon Valley to Mount Halak on up to Seir. Joshua assigned this territory to the Israelite tribes,11 12:8 including the hill country, the lowlands,12 the Arabah, the slopes, the wilderness, and the Negev—the land of13 the Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites:
12:9 the king of Jericho14 (one),
the king of Ai—located near Bethel—(one),
12:10 the king of Jerusalem15 (one),
the king of Hebron (one),
12:11 the king of Jarmuth (one),
the king of Lachish (one),
12:12 the king of Eglon (one),
the king of Gezer (one),
12:13 the king of Debir (one),
the king of Geder (one),
12:14 the king of Hormah (one),
the king of Arad (one),
12:15 the king of Libnah (one),
the king of Adullam (one),
12:16 the king of Makkedah (one),
the king of Bethel16 (one),
12:17 the king of Tappuah (one),
the king of Hepher (one),
12:18 the king of Aphek (one),
the king of Lasharon (one),
12:19 the king of Madon (one),
the king of Hazor17 (one),
12:20 the king of Shimron Meron (one),
the king of Acshaph (one),
12:21 the king of Taanach (one),
the king of Megiddo18 (one),
12:22 the king of Kedesh (one),
the king of Jokneam near Carmel (one),
12:23 the king of Dor—near Naphath Dor—(one),
the king of Goyim—near Gilgal—(one),
12:24 the king of Tirzah (one),
a total of thirty-one kings.
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