After the wall was finished and I had set up the doors in the gates, the gatekeepers, singers, and Levites were appointed. 2 I gave the responsibility of governing Jerusalem to my brother Hanani, along with Hananiah, the commander of the fortress, for he was a faithful man who feared God more than most. 3 I said to them, “Do not leave the gates open during the hottest part of the day.* And even while the gatekeepers are on duty, have them shut and bar the doors. Appoint the residents of Jerusalem to act as guards, everyone on a regular watch. Some will serve at sentry posts and some in front of their own homes.”
4 At that time the city was large and spacious, but the population was small, and none of the houses had been rebuilt. 5 So my God gave me the idea to call together all the nobles and leaders of the city, along with the ordinary citizens, for registration. I had found the genealogical record of those who had first returned to Judah. This is what was written there:
6 Here is the list of the Jewish exiles of the provinces who returned from their captivity. King Nebuchadnezzar had deported them to Babylon, but now they returned to Jerusalem and the other towns in Judah where they originally lived. 7 Their leaders were Zerubbabel, Jeshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah,* Reelaiah,* Nahamani, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispar,* Bigvai, Rehum,* and Baanah.
This is the number of the men of Israel who returned from exile:
The family of Parosh
The family of Shephatiah
The family of Arah
The family of Pahath-moab (descendants of Jeshua and Joab)
The family of Elam
The family of Zattu
The family of Zaccai
The family of Bani*
The family of Bebai
The family of Azgad
The family of Adonikam
The family of Bigvai
The family of Adin
The family of Ater (descendants of Hezekiah)
The family of Hashum
The family of Bezai
The family of Jorah*
The family of Gibbar*
The people of Bethlehem and Netophah
The people of Anathoth
The people of Beth-azmaveth
The people of Kiriath-jearim, Kephirah, and Beeroth
The people of Ramah and Geba
The people of Micmash
The people of Bethel and Ai
The people of West Nebo*
The citizens of West Elam*
The citizens of Harim
The citizens of Jericho
The citizens of Lod, Hadid, and Ono
The citizens of Senaah
The family of Jedaiah (through the line of Jeshua)
The family of Immer
The family of Pashhur
The family of Harim
The families of Jeshua and Kadmiel (descendants of Hodaviah* )
The singers of the family of Asaph
The gatekeepers of the families of Shallum, Ater, Talmon, Akkub, Hatita, and Shobai
Ziha, Hasupha, Tabbaoth,
47 Keros, Siaha,* Padon,
52 Besai, Meunim, Nephusim,*
54 Bazluth,* Mehida, Harsha,
Sotai, Hassophereth, Peruda,*
58 Jaalah,* Darkon, Giddel,
59 Shephatiah, Hattil, Pokereth-hazzebaim, and Ami.*
61 Another group returned at this time from the towns of Tel-melah, Tel-harsha, Kerub, Addan,* and Immer. However, they could not prove that they or their families were descendants of Israel. 62 This group included the families of Delaiah, Tobiah, and Nekoda—a total of 642 people.
63 Three families of priests—Hobaiah, Hakkoz, and Barzillai—also returned. (This Barzillai had married a woman who was a descendant of Barzillai of Gilead, and he had taken her family name.) 64 They searched for their names in the genealogical records, but they were not found, so they were disqualified from serving as priests. 65 The governor told them not to eat the priests’ share of food from the sacrifices until a priest could consult the Lord about the matter by using the Urim and Thummim—the sacred lots.
66 So a total of 42,360 people returned to Judah, 67 in addition to 7,337 servants and 245 singers, both men and women. 68 They took with them 736 horses, 245 mules,* 69 435 camels, and 6,720 donkeys.
70 Some of the family leaders gave gifts for the work. The governor gave to the treasury 1,000 gold coins,* 50 gold basins, and 530 robes for the priests. 71 The other leaders gave to the treasury a total of 20,000 gold coins* and some 2,750 pounds* of silver for the work. 72 The rest of the people gave 20,000 gold coins, about 2,500 pounds* of silver, and 67 robes for the priests.
73 So the priests, the Levites, the gatekeepers, the singers, the Temple servants, and some of the common people settled near Jerusalem. The rest of the people returned to their own towns throughout Israel.
Ezra Reads the Law
In October,* when the Israelites had settled in their towns,
7:3 Or Keep the gates of Jerusalem closed until the sun is hot.
7:33 Or of the other Nebo.
7:34 Or of the other Elam.
7:70 Hebrew 1,000 darics of gold, about 19 pounds or 8.6 kilograms in weight.
7:71b Hebrew 2,200 minas [1,300 kilograms].
7:72 Hebrew 2,000 minas [1,200 kilograms].
7:73 Hebrew In the seventh month. This month of the ancient Hebrew lunar calendar occurred within the months of October and November 445 b.c.