In early autumn,* when the Israelites had settled in their towns, all the people assembled in Jerusalem with a unified purpose.
3:1 Hebrew in the seventh month. The year is not specified, so it may have been during Cyrus’s first year (538 b.c.) or second year (537 b.c.). The seventh month of the ancient Hebrew lunar calendar occurred within the months of September/October 538 b.c. and October/November 537 b.c.