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The New King James Version

Deuteronomy 5:1–7:26

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The Ten Commandments Reviewed

5 And Moses called all Israel, and said to them: “Hear, O Israel, the statutes and judgments which I speak in your hearing today, that you may learn them and be careful to observe them. aThe Lord our God made a covenant with us in Horeb. The Lord bdid not make this covenant with our fathers, but with us, those who are here today, all of us who are alive. cThe Lord talked with you face to face on the mountain from the midst of the fire. dI stood between the Lord and you at that time, to declare to you the word of the Lord; for eyou were afraid because of the fire, and you did not go up the mountain. He said:

6 f‘I am the Lord your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of 1bondage.

7 g‘You shall have no other gods 2before Me.

8 h‘You shall not make for yourself a carved image—any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth; you shall not ibow 3down to them nor serve them. For I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, 4visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me, 10 jbut showing mercy to thousands, to those who love Me and 5keep My commandments.

11 k‘You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him 6guiltless who takes His name in vain.

12 l‘Observe the Sabbath day, to 7keep it holy, as the Lord your God commanded you. 13 mSix days you shall labor and do all your work, 14 but the seventh day is the nSabbath of the Lord your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your ox, nor your donkey, nor any of your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates, that your male servant and your female servant may rest as well as you. 15 oAnd remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the Lord your God brought you out from there pby a mighty hand and by an outstretched arm; therefore the Lord your God commanded you to keep the Sabbath day.

16 q‘Honor your father and your mother, as the Lord your God has commanded you, rthat your days may be long, and that it may be well with syou in the land which the Lord your God is giving you.

17 t‘You shall not murder.

18 u‘You shall not commit adultery.

19 v‘You shall not steal.

20 w‘You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

21 x‘You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife; and you shall not desire your neighbor’s house, his field, his male servant, his female servant, his ox, his donkey, or anything that is your neighbor’s.’

22 “These words the Lord spoke to all your assembly, in the mountain from the midst of the fire, the cloud, and the thick darkness, with a loud voice; and He added no more. And yHe wrote them on two tablets of stone and gave them to me.

The People Afraid of God’s Presence

23 z“So it was, when you heard the voice from the midst of the darkness, while the mountain was burning with fire, that you came near to me, all the heads of your tribes and your elders. 24 And you said: ‘Surely the Lord our God has shown us His glory and His greatness, and awe have heard His voice from the midst of the fire. We have seen this day that God speaks with man; yet he bstill lives. 25 Now therefore, why should we die? For this great fire will consume us; cif we hear the voice of the Lord our God anymore, then we shall die. 26 dFor who is there of all flesh who has heard the voice of the living God speaking from the midst of the fire, as we have, and lived? 27 You go near and hear all that the Lord our God may say, and etell us all that the Lord our God says to you, and we will hear and do it.’

28 “Then the Lord heard the voice of your words when you spoke to me, and the Lord said to me: ‘I have heard the voice of the words of this people which they have spoken to you. fThey are right in all that they have spoken. 29 gOh, that they had such a heart in them that they would fear Me and halways keep all My commandments, ithat it might be well with them and with their children forever! 30 Go and say to them, “Return to your tents.” 31 But as for you, stand here by Me, jand I will speak to you all the commandments, the statutes, and the judgments which you shall teach them, that they may observe them in the land which I am giving them to possess.’

32 “Therefore you shall 8be careful to do as the Lord your God has commanded you; kyou shall not turn aside to the right hand or to the left. 33 You shall walk in lall the ways which the Lord your God has commanded you, that you may live mand that it may be well with you, and that you may prolong your days in the land which you shall possess.

The Greatest Commandment

6 “Now this is athe commandment, and these are the statutes and judgments which the Lord your God has commanded to teach you, that you may observe them in the land which you are crossing over to possess, bthat you may fear the Lord your God, to keep all His statutes and His commandments which I command you, you and your son and your grandson, all the days of your life, cand that your days may be prolonged. Therefore hear, O Israel, and 1be careful to observe it, that it may be well with you, and that you may dmultiply greatly eas the Lord God of your fathers has promised you—f‘a land flowing with milk and honey.’

g“Hear, O Israel: 2The Lord our God, the Lord is one! hYou shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, iwith all your soul, and with all your strength.

“And jthese words which I command you today shall be in your heart. kYou shall teach them diligently to your children, and shall talk of them when you sit in your house, when you walk by the way, when you lie down, and when you rise up. lYou shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes. mYou shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates.

Caution Against Disobedience

10 “So it shall be, when the Lord your God brings you into the land of which He 3swore to your fathers, to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to give you large and beautiful cities nwhich you did not build, 11 houses full of all good things, which you did not fill, hewn-out wells which you did not dig, vineyards and olive trees which you did not plant—owhen you have eaten and are full—12 then beware, lest you forget the pLord who brought you out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage. 13 You shall qfear the Lord your God and serve Him, and rshall take oaths in His name. 14 You shall not go after other gods, sthe gods of the peoples who are all around you 15 (for tthe Lord your God is a jealous God uamong you), lest the anger of the Lord your God be aroused against you and destroy you from the face of the earth.

16 v“You shall not 4tempt the Lord your God was you 5tempted Him in Massah. 17 You shall xdiligently keep the commandments of the Lord your God, His testimonies, and His statutes which He has commanded you. 18 And you yshall do what is right and good in the sight of the Lord, that it may be well with you, and that you may go in and possess the good land of which the Lord swore to your fathers, 19 zto cast out all your enemies from before you, as the Lord has spoken.

20 a“When your son asks you in time to come, saying, ‘What is the meaning of the testimonies, the statutes, and the judgments which the Lord our God has commanded you?’ 21 then you shall say to your son: ‘We were slaves of Pharaoh in Egypt, and the Lord brought us out of Egypt bwith a mighty hand; 22 and the Lord showed signs and wonders before our eyes, great and severe, against Egypt, Pharaoh, and all his household. 23 Then He brought us out from there, that He might bring us in, to give us the land of which He 6swore to our fathers. 24 And the Lord commanded us to 7observe all these 8statutes, cto fear the Lord our God, dfor our good always, that eHe might preserve us alive, as it is 9this day. 25 Then fit will be righteousness for us, if we are careful to observe all these commandments before the Lord our God, as He has commanded us.’

A Chosen People

7 “When the Lord your God brings you into the land which you go to apossess, and has cast out many bnations before you, cthe Hittites and the Girgashites and the Amorites and the Canaanites and the Perizzites and the Hivites and the Jebusites, seven nations greater and mightier than you, and when the Lord your God delivers dthem over to you, you shall conquer them and utterly destroy them. eYou shall make no covenant with them nor show mercy to them. fNor shall you make marriages with them. You shall not give your daughter to their son, nor take their daughter for your son. For they will turn your sons away from following Me, to serve other gods; gso the anger of the Lord will be aroused against you and destroy you suddenly. But thus you shall deal with them: you shall hdestroy their altars, and break down their sacred pillars, and cut down their 1wooden images, and burn their carved images with fire.

“For you are a 2holy people to the Lord your God; ithe Lord your God has chosen you to be a people for Himself, a special treasure above all the peoples on the face of the earth. The Lord did not set His jlove on you nor choose you because you were more in number than any other people, for you were kthe least of all peoples; but lbecause the Lord loves you, and because He would keep mthe oath which He swore to your fathers, nthe Lord has brought you out with a mighty hand, and redeemed you from the house of 3bondage, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt.

“Therefore know that the Lord your God, He is God, othe faithful God pwho keeps covenant and mercy for a thousand generations with those who love Him and keep His commandments; 10 and He repays those who hate Him to their face, to destroy them. He will not 4be qslack with him who hates Him; He will repay him to his face. 11 Therefore you shall keep the commandment, the statutes, and …

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slavery

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besides

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worship them

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punishing

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observe

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innocent

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sanctify it

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observe

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Lit. observe to do

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Or The Lord is our God, the Lord alone, i.e., the only one

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promised

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test

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tested

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promised

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do

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ordinances

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today

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Heb. Asherim, Canaanite deities

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set-apart

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slavery

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delay

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