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The New King James Version

Deuteronomy 1:1–2:37

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The Previous Command to Enter Canaan

1 These are the words which Moses spoke to all Israel aon this side of the Jordan in the wilderness, in the 1plain opposite 2Suph, between Paran, Tophel, Laban, Hazeroth, and Dizahab. It is eleven days’ journey from Horeb by way of Mount Seir bto Kadesh Barnea. Now it came to pass cin the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first day of the month, that Moses spoke to the children of Israel according to all that the Lord had given him as commandments to them, dafter he had killed Sihon king of the Amorites, who dwelt in Heshbon, and Og king of Bashan, who dwelt at Ashtaroth ein 3Edrei.

On this side of the Jordan in the land of Moab, Moses began to explain this law, saying, “The Lord our God spoke to us fin Horeb, saying: ‘You have dwelt long genough at this mountain. Turn and take your journey, and go to the mountains of the Amorites, to all the neighboring places in the 4plain, in the mountains and in the lowland, in the South and on the seacoast, to the land of the Canaanites and to Lebanon, as far as the great river, the River Euphrates. See, I have set the land before you; go in and possess the land which the Lord 5swore to your fathers—to hAbraham, Isaac, and Jacob—to give to them and their descendants after them.’

Tribal Leaders Appointed

“And iI spoke to you at that time, saying: ‘I 6alone am not able to bear you. 10 The Lord your God has multiplied you, jand here you are today, as the stars of heaven in multitude. 11 kMay the Lord God of your fathers make you a thousand times more numerous than you are, and bless you las He has promised you! 12 mHow can I alone bear your problems and your burdens and your complaints? 13 Choose wise, understanding, and knowledgeable men from among your tribes, and I will make them 7heads over you.’ 14 And you answered me and said, ‘The thing which you have told us to do is good.’ 15 So I took nthe heads of your tribes, wise and knowledgeable men, and 8made them heads over you, leaders of thousands, leaders of hundreds, leaders of fifties, leaders of tens, and officers for your tribes.

16 “Then I commanded your judges at that time, saying, ‘Hear the cases between your brethren, and ojudge righteously between a man and his pbrother or the stranger who is with him. 17 qYou shall not show partiality in judgment; you shall hear the small as well as the great; you shall not be afraid in any man’s presence, for rthe judgment is God’s. The case that is too hard for you, sbring to me, and I will hear it.’ 18 And I commanded you at that time all the things which you should do.

Israel’s Refusal to Enter the Land

19 “So we departed from Horeb, tand went through all that great and terrible wilderness which you saw on the way to the mountains of the Amorites, as the Lord our God had commanded us. Then uwe came to Kadesh Barnea. 20 And I said to you, ‘You have come to the mountains of the Amorites, which the Lord our God is giving us. 21 Look, the Lord your God has set the land before you; go up and possess it, as the Lord God of your fathers has spoken to you; vdo not fear or be discouraged.’

22 “And every one of you came near to me and said, ‘Let us send men before us, and let them search out the land for us, and bring back word to us of the way by which we should go up, and of the cities into which we shall come.’

23 “The plan pleased me well; so wI took twelve of your men, one man from each tribe. 24 xAnd they departed and went up into the mountains, and came to the Valley of Eshcol, and spied it out. 25 They also took some of the fruit of the land in their hands and brought it down to us; and they brought back word to us, saying, ‘It is a ygood land which the Lord our God is giving us.’

26 z“Nevertheless you would not go up, but rebelled against the command of the Lord your God; 27 and you acomplained in your tents, and said, ‘Because the Lord bhates us, He has brought us out of the land of Egypt to deliver us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy us. 28 Where can we go up? Our brethren have 9discouraged our hearts, saying, c“The people are greater and taller than we; the cities are great and fortified up to heaven; moreover we have seen the sons of the dAnakim there.” ’

29 “Then I said to you, ‘Do not be terrified, eor afraid of them. 30 fThe Lord your God, who goes before you, He will fight for you, according to all He did for you in Egypt before your eyes, 31 and in the wilderness where you saw how the Lord your God carried you, as a gman carries his son, in all the way that you went until you came to this place.’ 32 Yet, for all that, hyou did not believe the Lord your God, 33 iwho went in the way before you jto search out a place for you to pitch your tents, to show you the way you should go, in the fire by night and in the cloud by day.

The Penalty for Israel’s Rebellion

34 “And the Lord heard the sound of your words, and was angry, kand took an oath, saying, 35 l‘Surely not one of these men of this evil generation shall see that good land of which I 1swore to give to your fathers, 36 mexcept Caleb the son of Jephunneh; he shall see it, and to him and his children I am giving the land on which he walked, because nhe 2wholly followed the Lord.’ 37 oThe Lord was also angry with me for your sakes, saying, ‘Even you shall not go in there. 38 pJoshua the son of Nun, qwho stands before you, he shall go in there. rEncourage him, for he shall cause Israel to inherit it.

39 s‘Moreover your little ones and your children, who tyou say will be victims, who today uhave no knowledge of good and evil, they shall go in there; to them I will give it, and they shall possess it. 40 vBut as for you, turn and take your journey into the wilderness by the Way of the Red Sea.’

41 “Then you answered and said to me, w‘We have sinned against the Lord; we will go up and fight, just as the Lord our God commanded us.’ And when everyone of you had girded on his weapons of war, you were ready to go up into the mountain.

42 “And the Lord said to me, ‘Tell them, x“Do not go up nor fight, for I am not among you; lest you be defeated before your enemies.” ’ 43 So I spoke to you; yet you would not listen, but yrebelled against the command of the Lord, and zpresumptuously 3went up into the mountain. 44 And the Amorites who dwelt in that mountain came out against you and chased you aas bees do, and drove you back from Seir to Hormah. 45 Then you returned and wept before the Lord, but the Lord would not listen to your voice nor give ear to you.

46 b“So you remained in Kadesh many days, according to the days that you spent there.

The Desert Years

2 “Then we turned and ajourneyed into the wilderness of the Way of the Red Sea, bas the Lord spoke to me, and we 1skirted Mount Seir for many days.

“And the Lord spoke to me, saying: ‘You have skirted this mountain clong enough; turn northward. And command the people, saying, d“You are about to pass through the territory of eyour brethren, the descendants of Esau, who live in Seir; and they will be afraid of you. Therefore watch yourselves carefully. Do not meddle with them, for I will not give you any of their land, no, not so much as one footstep, fbecause I have given Mount Seir to Esau as a possession. You shall buy food from them with money, that you may eat; and you shall also buy water from them with money, that you may drink.

“For the Lord your God has blessed you in all the work of your hand. He knows your 2trudging through this great wilderness. gThese forty years the Lord your God has been with you; you have lacked nothing.” ’

“And when we passed beyond our brethren, the descendants of Esau who dwell in Seir, away from the road of the plain, away from hElath and Ezion Geber, we iturned and passed by way of the Wilderness of Moab. Then the Lord said to me, ‘Do not harass Moab, nor contend with them in battle, for I will not give you any of their land as a possession, because I have given jAr to kthe descendants of Lot as a possession.’ ”

10 l(The Emim had dwelt there in times past, a people as great and numerous and tall as mthe Anakim. 11 They were also regarded as 3giants, like the Anakim, but the Moabites call them Emim. 12 nThe Horites formerly dwelt in Seir, but the descendants of Esau dispossessed them and destroyed them from before them, and dwelt in their 4place, just as Israel did to the land of their possession which the Lord gave them.)

13 “ ‘Now rise and cross over othe 5Valley of the Zered.’ So we crossed over the Valley of the Zered. 14 And the time we took to come pfrom Kadesh Barnea until we crossed over the Valley of the Zered was thirty-eight years, quntil all the generation of the men of war 6was consumed from the midst of the camp, rjust as the Lord had sworn to them. 15 For indeed the hand of the Lord was against them, to destroy them from the midst of the camp until they 7were consumed.

16 “So it was, when all the men of war had finally perished from among the people, 17 that the Lord spoke to me, saying: 18 ‘This day you are to cross over at Ar, the boundary of Moab. 19 And when you come near the people of Ammon, do not harass them or meddle with them, for I will not give you any of the land of the people of Ammon as a possession, because I have given it to sthe descendants of Lot as a possession.’ ”

20 (That was also regarded as a land of 8giants; giants formerly dwelt there. But the Ammonites call them tZamzummim, 21 ua people as great and numerous and tall as the Anakim. But the Lord destroyed them before them, and they dispossessed them and dwelt in their place, 22 just as He had done for the descendants of Esau, vwho dwelt in Seir, when He destroyed wthe Horites from before them. They dispossessed them and dwelt in their place, even to this day. 23 And xthe Avim, who dwelt in villages as far as Gaza—ythe Caphtorim, who came from Caphtor, destroyed them and dwelt in their place.)

24 “ ‘Rise, take your journey, and zcross over the River Arnon. Look, I have given into your hand a

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a
1

Heb. arabah

2

One LXX ms., Tg., Vg. Red Sea

b
c
d
e
3

LXX, Syr., Vg. and; cf. Josh. 12:4

f
g
4

Heb. arabah

5

promised

h
i
6

am not able to bear you by myself

j
k
l
m
7

rulers

n
8

appointed

o
p
q
r
s
t
u
v
w
x
y
z
a
b
9

Lit. melted

c
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
1

promised

m
n
2

fully

o
p
q
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t
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v
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3

willfully

a
b
a
b
1

circled around

c
d
e
f
2

Lit. goings

g
h
i
j
k
l
m
3

Heb. rephaim

n
4

stead

o
5

Wadi or Brook

p
q
6

perished

r
7

perished

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8

Heb. rephaim

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u
v
w
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a