23 These are the last words of David:
“The inspired utterance of David son of Jesse,
the utterance of the man exaltedm by the Most High,
the man anointedn by the God of Jacob,
the hero of Israel’s songs:
2 “The Spirito of the Lord spoke through me;
his word was on my tongue.
the Rockp of Israel said to me:
‘When one rules over people in righteousness,q
on a cloudless morning,
like the brightness after rainw
that brings grass from the earth.’
surely he would not have made with me an everlasting covenant,x
arranged and secured in every part;
surely he would not bring to fruition my salvation
and grant me my every desire.
6 But evil men are all to be cast aside like thorns,y
which are not gathered with the hand.
uses a tool of iron or the shaft of a spear;
they are burned up where they lie.”
8 These are the names of David’s mighty warriors:z
9 Next to him was Eleazar son of Dodaib the Ahohite.c As one of the three mighty warriors, he was with David when they taunted the Philistines gathered at Pas Dammimd for battle. Then the Israelites retreated, 10 but Eleazar stood his ground and struck down the Philistines till his hand grew tired and froze to the sword. The Lord brought about a great victory that day. The troops returned to Eleazar, but only to strip the dead.
11 Next to him was Shammah son of Agee the Hararite. When the Philistines banded together at a place where there was a field full of lentils, Israel’s troops fled from them. 12 But Shammah took his stand in the middle of the field. He defended it and struck the Philistines down, and the Lord brought about a great victory.
13 During harvest time, three of the thirty chief warriors came down to David at the cave of Adullam,d while a band of Philistines was encamped in the Valley of Rephaim.e 14 At that time David was in the stronghold,f and the Philistine garrison was at Bethlehem.g 15 David longed for water and said, “Oh, that someone would get me a drink of water from the well near the gate of Bethlehem!” 16 So the three mighty warriors broke through the Philistine lines, drew water from the well near the gate of Bethlehem and carried it back to David. But he refused to drink it; instead, he pouredh it out before the Lord. 17 “Far be it from me, Lord, to do this!” he said. “Is it not the bloodi of men who went at the risk of their lives?” And David would not drink it.
Such were the exploits of the three mighty warriors.
18 Abishaij the brother of Joab son of Zeruiah was chief of the Three.e He raised his spear against three hundred men, whom he killed, and so he became as famous as the Three. 19 Was he not held in greater honor than the Three? He became their commander, even though he was not included among them.
20 Benaiahk son of Jehoiada, a valiant fighter from Kabzeel,l performed great exploits. He struck down Moab’s two mightiest warriors. He also went down into a pit on a snowy day and killed a lion. 21 And he struck down a huge Egyptian. Although the Egyptian had a spear in his hand, Benaiah went against him with a club. He snatched the spear from the Egyptian’s hand and killed him with his own spear. 22 Such were the exploits of Benaiah son of Jehoiada; he too was as famous as the three mighty warriors. 23 He was held in greater honor than any of the Thirty, but he was not included among the Three. And David put him in charge of his bodyguard.
Asahelm the brother of Joab,
Elhanan son of Dodo from Bethlehem,
25 Shammah the Harodite,n
Elika the Harodite,
26 Helezo the Paltite,
Irap son of Ikkesh from Tekoa,
Sibbekaif the Hushathite,
Ithai son of Ribai from Gibeahv in Benjamin,
30 Benaiah the Pirathonite,w
Azmaveth the Barhumite,y
the sons of Jashen,
Jonathan 33 son ofi Shammah the Hararite,
Ahiam son of Shararj the Hararite,
34 Eliphelet son of Ahasbai the Maakathite,z
35 Hezro the Carmelite,c
Paarai the Arbite,
36 Igal son of Nathan from Zobah,d
the son of Hagri,k
Naharai the Beerothite,e the armor-bearer of Joab son of Zeruiah,
38 Ira the Ithrite,f
Gareb the Ithrite
39 and Uriahg the Hittite.
There were thirty-seven in all.
Hebrew; some Septuagint manuscripts suggest Ish-Bosheth, that is, Esh-Baal (see also 1 Chron. 11:11 Jashobeam).
Probably a variant of Hakmonite (see 1 Chron. 11:11)
Some Septuagint manuscripts (see also 1 Chron. 11:11); Hebrew and other Septuagint manuscripts Three; it was Adino the Eznite who killed eight hundred men
See 1 Chron. 11:13; Hebrew gathered there.
Most Hebrew manuscripts (see also 1 Chron. 11:20); two Hebrew manuscripts and Syriac Thirty
Some Hebrew manuscripts and Vulgate (see also 1 Chron. 11:30); most Hebrew manuscripts Heleb
Hebrew; some Septuagint manuscripts (see also 1 Chron. 11:32) Hurai
Some Septuagint manuscripts (see also 1 Chron. 11:34); Hebrew does not have son of.
Hebrew; some Septuagint manuscripts (see also 1 Chron. 11:35) Sakar
Some Septuagint manuscripts (see also 1 Chron. 11:38); Hebrew Haggadi