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Exodus 16:1–21

Manna and Quail

16 The whole Israelite community set out from Elim and came to the Desert of Sin,n which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after they had come out of Egypt.o In the desert the whole community grumbledp against Moses and Aaron. The Israelites said to them, “If only we had died by the Lord’s hand in Egypt!q There we sat around pots of meat and ate all the foodr we wanted, but you have brought us out into this desert to starve this entire assembly to death.”s

Then the Lord said to Moses, “I will rain down bread from heavent for you. The people are to go out each day and gather enough for that day. In this way I will testu them and see whether they will follow my instructions. On the sixth day they are to prepare what they bring in, and that is to be twicev as much as they gather on the other days.”

So Moses and Aaron said to all the Israelites, “In the evening you will know that it was the Lord who brought you out of Egypt,w and in the morning you will see the gloryx of the Lord, because he has heard your grumblingy against him. Who are we, that you should grumble against us?”z Moses also said, “You will know that it was the Lord when he gives you meat to eat in the evening and all the bread you want in the morning, because he has heard your grumblinga against him. Who are we? You are not grumbling against us, but against the Lord.”b

Then Moses told Aaron, “Say to the entire Israelite community, ‘Come before the Lord, for he has heard your grumbling.’ ”

10 While Aaron was speaking to the whole Israelite community, they looked toward the desert, and there was the gloryc of the Lord appearing in the cloud.d

11 The Lord said to Moses, 12 “I have heard the grumblinge of the Israelites. Tell them, ‘At twilight you will eat meat, and in the morning you will be filled with bread. Then you will know that I am the Lord your God.’ ”f

13 That evening quailg came and covered the camp, and in the morning there was a layer of dewh around the camp. 14 When the dew was gone, thin flakes like frosti on the ground appeared on the desert floor. 15 When the Israelites saw it, they said to each other, “What is it?” For they did not knowj what it was.

Moses said to them, “It is the breadk the Lord has given you to eat. 16 This is what the Lord has commanded: ‘Everyone is to gather as much as they need. Take an omera l for each person you have in your tent.’ ”

17 The Israelites did as they were told; some gathered much, some little. 18 And when they measured it by the omer, the one who gathered much did not have too much, and the one who gathered little did not have too little.m Everyone had gathered just as much as they needed.

19 Then Moses said to them, “No one is to keep any of it until morning.”n

20 However, some of them paid no attention to Moses; they kept part of it until morning, but it was full of maggots and began to smell.o So Moses was angryp with them.

21 Each morning everyone gathered as much as they needed, and when the sun grew hot, it melted away.

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