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The New International Version

Ephesians 2:1–4

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Made Alive in Christ

2 As for you, you were dead in your transgressions and sins,g in which you used to liveh when you followed the ways of this worldi and of the ruler of the kingdom of the air,j the spirit who is now at work in those who are disobedient.k All of us also lived among them at one time,l gratifying the cravings of our flesha m and following its desires and thoughts. Like the rest, we were by nature deserving of wrath. But because of his great love for us,n God, who is rich in mercy,

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In contexts like this, the Greek word for flesh (sarx) refers to the sinful state of human beings, often presented as a power in opposition to the Spirit.

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