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The Lexham English Bible

Matthew 13:13–58

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13 For this reason I speak to them in parables, because seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand, 14 and with reference to them the prophecy of Isaiah is fulfilled that says,

You will listen carefullye and will never understand,

and you will look closelyf and will never perceive.

15 For the heart of this people has become dull,

and with their ears they hear with difficulty,

and they have shut their eyes,

so that they would not see with their eyes

and hear with their ears

and understand with their heart

and turn, and I would heal them.”g

16 But your eyes are blessed because they see, and your ears because they hear. 17 For truly I say to you that many prophets and righteous people longed to see what you see, and did not see it,* and to hear what you hear, and did not hear it!*

The Parable of the Sower Interpreted

18 “You, therefore, listen to the parable of the sower: 19 When* anyone hears the word about the kingdom and does not understand it,* the evil one comes and snatches away what was sown in his heart. This is what was sown on the side of the path. 20 And what was sown on the rocky ground—this is the one who hears the word and immediately receives it with joy. 21 But he does not have a root in himself, but lasts only a little while,h and when* affliction or persecution happens because of the word, immediately he falls away. 22 And what was sown into the thorn plants—this is the one who hears the word, and the anxiety of this worldi and the deceitfulness of wealth choke the word and it becomes unproductive. 23 But what was sown on the good soil—this is the one who hears the word and understands it,* who indeed bears fruit and produces, this one a hundred times as much, and this one sixty, and this one thirty.”

The Parable of the Weeds Among the Wheat

24 He put before them another parable, saying, “The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a man who sowed good seed in his field. 25 But while hisj people were sleeping, his enemy came and sowed darnelk in the midst of the wheat and went away. 26 So when the wheatl sprouted and yielded grain, then the darnel appeared also. 27 So the slaves of the master of the house came and* said to him, ‘Master, did you not sow good seed in your field? How then does it have darnel?’ 28 And he said to them, ‘An enemy has done this!’ So the slaves said to him, ‘Then do you want us to go and* gather them?’ 29 But he said, “No, lest when you* gather the darnel you uproot the wheat together with it. 30 Let both grow together until the harvest, and at the season of the harvest I will tell the reapers, “First gather the darnel and tie it into bundles to burn them, but gather the wheat into my storehouse.” ’ ”

The Parable of the Mustard Seed

31 He put before them another parable, saying, “The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed that a man took and* sowed in his field. 32 Itm is the smallest of all the seeds, but when it is grown it is larger than the garden herbs and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the sky come and nest in its branches.”

The Parable of the Yeast

33 He told them another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is like yeast that a woman took and* put into three measures of wheat flour until the whole batch was leavened.”

Parables Fulfill Prophecy

34 Jesus spoke all these things to the crowds in parables, and he was saying nothing to them without a parable, 35 in order that what was spoken through the prophet would be fulfilled, who said,

“I will open my mouth in parables;

I will proclaim what has been hidden since the creation.”no

The Parable of the Weeds Interpreted

36 Then he left the crowds and* came into the house, and his disciples came to him saying, “Explain the parable of the darnel in the field to us.” 37 So he answered and* said, “The one who sows the good seed is the Son of Man, 38 and the field is the world. And the good seed—these are the sons of the kingdom, but the darnel are the sons of the evil one. 39 And the enemy who sowed them is the devil, and the harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are angels. 40 Thus just as the darnel is gathered and burnedp with fire, so it will be at the end of the age. 41 The Son of Man will send out his angels and they will gather out of his kingdom all the causes of sin and those who do lawless deeds, 42 and throw them into the fiery furnace.q In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth! 43 Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father.r The one who has ears, let him hear!

The Parable of the Treasure Hidden in a Field

44 “The kingdom of heaven is like treasure hidden in a field, that a man found and* concealed, and in his joy he goes and sells everything that he has and buys that field.

The Parable of the Valuable Pearl

45 “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant searching for fine pearls. 46 And when he* found one very valuable pearl, he went and* sold everything that he possessed and purchased it.

The Parable of the Dragnet

47 “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a dragnet that was thrown into the sea and gathered fish* of every kind, 48 which when it was filled they pulled to shore and sat down and* collected the good fish* into containers, but the bad they threw out. 49 Thus it will be at the end of the age. The angels will go out and separate the evil from among the righteous 50 and throw them into the fiery furnace.s In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth!

51 “Have you understood all these things?” They said to him, “Yes.” 52 And he said to them, “For this reason every scribe who has been trained for the kingdom of heaven is like the master of the house who brings out of his storeroom new things and old things.”

Rejected at Nazareth

53 And it happened that when Jesus had finished these parables he went away from there. 54 And he came to his hometown and* began to teacht them in their synagogue, so that they were amazed and said, “From where did this man get this wisdom and these miracles? 55 Is not this one the son of the carpenter? Is not his mother called Mary and his brothers James and Joseph and Simon and Judas? 56 And are not all his sisters with us? From where then did this man get all these things?” 57 And they were offended by him. But Jesus said to them, “A prophet is not without honor except in his own hometown and in his own household.” 58 And he did not perform many miracles in that place because of their unbelief.

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e

Literally “with hearing you will hear”

f

Literally “seeing you will see”

g

A quotation from Isa 6:9–10

*

Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation

*

Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation

*

Here “when” is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle (“hears”)

*

Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation

h

Literally “is temporary”

*

Here “when” is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle (“happens”)

i

Some manuscripts have “of the world”

*

Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation

j

Literally “the”; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun

k

A weed that looks similar to wheat but has poisonous seeds

l

Literally “grass,” “hay,” but in this context referring to the good plants as opposed to the weeds

*

Here “and” is supplied because the previous participle (“came”) has been translated as a finite verb

*

Here “and” is supplied because the previous participle (“go”) has been translated as an English infinitive

*

Here “when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“gather”) which is understood as temporal

*

Here “and” is supplied because the previous participle (“took”) has been translated as a finite verb

m

Literally “which,” but a new sentence is started here in the English translation

*

Here “and” is supplied because the previous participle (“took”) has been translated as a finite verb

n

A quotation from Ps 78:2

o

Some manuscripts have “since the creation of the world”

*

Here “and” is supplied because the previous participle (“left”) has been translated as a finite verb

*

Here “and” is supplied because the previous participle (“answered”) has been translated as a finite verb

p

Some manuscripts have “burned up”

q

An allusion to Dan 3:6

r

An allusion to Dan 12:3

*

Here “and” is supplied because the previous participle (“found”) has been translated as a finite verb

*

Here “when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“found”) which is understood as temporal

*

Here “and” is supplied because the previous participle (“went”) has been translated as a finite verb

*

Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation

*

Here “and” is supplied because the previous participle (“sat down”) has been translated as a finite verb

*

Here the word “fish” is not in the Greek text but is implied

s

An allusion to Dan 3:6

*

Here “and” is supplied because the previous participle (“came”) has been translated as a finite verb

t

The imperfect tense has been translated as ingressive here (“began to teach”)