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King James Version

1 Samuel 1:1–28

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*Now there was a certain man of Ramathaim-zophim, of amount Ephraim, and his name was bElkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, can Ephrathite: And he had two wives; the name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah: and Peninnah had children, but dHannah had no children. And this man went up out of his city eyearly fto worship and to sacrifice unto the Lord of hosts in gShiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of the Lord, were there. And when the time was that Elkanah offered, hhe gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions: But unto Hannah he gave ||a worthy portion; for he loved Hannah: but the Lord had shut up her womb. And her adversary also provoked her sore, ifor to make her fret, because the Lord had shut up her womb. And as he did so year by year, ||when she went up to the house of the Lord, so she provoked her; therefore she wept, and did not eat. Then said Elkanah her husband to her, Hannah, why weepest thou? and why eatest thou not? and why is thy heart grieved? am not I jbetter to thee than ten sons?

So Hannah rose up after they had eaten in gShiloh, and after they had drunk. Now Eli the priest sat upon a seat by a post of kthe temple of the Lord. 10 And she was lin bitterness of soul, and prayed unto the Lord, and wept sore. 11 And she mvowed a vow, and said, O Lord of hosts, if thou wilt indeed nlook on the affliction of thine handmaid, and oremember me, and not forget thine handmaid, but wilt give unto thine handmaid a man child, then I will give him unto the Lord all the days of his life, and pthere shall no rasor come upon his head. 12 And it came to pass, as she continued praying before the Lord, that Eli marked her mouth. 13 Now Hannah, she spake in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard: therefore Eli thought she had been drunken. 14 And Eli said unto her, How long wilt thou be drunken? put away thy wine from thee. 15 And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord, I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit: I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but have qpoured out my soul before the Lord. 16 Count not thine handmaid for a daughter of rBelial: for out of the abundance of my ||complaint and grief have I spoken hitherto. 17 Then Eli answered and said, sGo in peace: and tthe God of Israel grant thee thy petition that thou hast asked of him. 18 And she said, uLet thine handmaid find grace in thy sight. So the woman xwent her way, and did eat, and her countenance was no more sad. 19 And they rose up in the morning early, and worshipped before the Lord, and returned, and came to their house to yRamah: and Elkanah knew Hannah his wife; and zthe Lord remembered her. 20 Wherefore it came to pass, when the time was come about after Hannah had conceived, that she bare a son, and called his name ||Samuel, asaying, Because I have asked him of the Lord.

21 And the man Elkanah, and all his house, bwent up to offer unto the Lord the yearly sacrifice, and his vow. 22 But Hannah went not up; for she said unto her husband, I will not go up until the child be weaned, and then I will bring him, that he may appear before the Lord, and there abide cfor ever. 23 And dElkanah her husband said unto her, Do what seemeth thee good; tarry until thou have weaned him; eonly the Lord establish his word. So the woman abode, and gave her son suck until she weaned him. 24 And when she had weaned him, she ftook him up with her, with three bullocks, and one ephah of flour, and a bottle of wine, and brought him unto the house of the Lord in gShiloh: and the child was young. 25 And they slew a bullock, and brought the child to Eli. 26 And she said, Oh my lord, has thy soul liveth, my lord, I am the woman that stood by thee here, praying unto the Lord. 27 For this child I prayed; and the Lord ihath given me my petition which I asked of him: 28 kTherefore also I have ||lent him to the Lord; as long as he liveth ||he shall be lent to the Lord. And he lworshipped the Lord there.

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*

a
b
c
d
e

See Ex. 23:14. Comp. Luke 2:41.

Heb. from year to year. So Judg. 11:40. & 21:19. ch. 2:19. Comp. Gen. 24:55. ver. 7, 21.

f
g
h
||

Or, a double portion.

Heb. angered her. So ver. 7. Deut. 32:21. See Deut. 31:29.

i

Comp. Job 24:21.

||

Or, from the time that she, &c. Heb. from her going up.

j
g
k

ch. 3:3.

l

So Job 7:11. & 10:1.

Heb. bitter of soul. Comp. Judg. 18:25. 2 Sam. 17:8.

m
n
o

ver. 19. See Gen. 8:1.

Heb. seed of men.

p

Heb. multiplied to pray.

Heb. hard of spirit.

q
r

See Deut. 13:13. & 15:9.

||

Or, meditation. But comp. Job 9:27. & 21:4. & 23:2.

s
t

So Ps. 20:4, 5.

u
x

Comp. Eccles. 9:7.

y

ver. 1. ch. 2:11. & 7:17. & 8:4. & 15:34. & 16:13. & 19:18, 19, 22, 23. & 20:1. & 25:1. & 28:3. 1 Macc. 11:34? Matth. 27:57, &c. Not as Josh. 18:25, or Josh. 19:29 (comp. ch. 9:16).

z

ver. 11.

Heb. [in] revolution of days. Comp. Ex. 34:22.

||

That is, Asked of God.

a

See Ex. 18:4.

b

ver. 3.

c

Ex. 21:6. See 2 Sam. 7:29. Comp. ver. 11, 28 with ch. 2:11, 18. & 3:1.

d

Comp. Num. 30:7.

e
f
g

ver. 3, 9. See Josh. 18:1.

h
i

ver. 17.

k

ver. 11, 22.

||

Or, returned him, whom I have obtained by petition, to the Lord.

||

Or, he whom I have obtained by petition shall be returned. So ch. 2:20. See Ex. 3:22. (11:2. & 12:35, 36).

l