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The NET Bible

Luke 13:1–5

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A Call to Repent

13:1 Now1 there were some present on that occasion who told him about the Galileans whose blood Pilate had mixed with their sacrifices.2 13:2 He3 answered them, “Do you think these Galileans were worse sinners4 than all the other Galileans, because they suffered these things? 13:3 No, I tell you! But unless you repent,5 you will all perish as well!6 13:4 Or those eighteen who were killed7 when the tower in Siloam fell on them,8 do you think they were worse offenders than all the others who live in Jerusalem?9 13:5 No, I tell you! But unless you repent10 you will all perish as well!”11

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1

tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “now” to indicate the transition to a new topic.

2

sn This is an event that otherwise is unattested, though several events similar to it are noted in Josephus (J. W. 2.9.2–4 [2.169–177]; Ant. 13.13.5 [13.372–73], 18.3.1–2 [18.55–62]; 18.4.1 [18.85–87]). It would have caused a major furor.

3

tn Grk “And he.” Here καί (kai) has been translated as “now” to indicate the transition to a new topic.

4

sn Jesus did not want his hearers to think that tragedy was necessarily a judgment on these people because they were worse sinners.

5

sn Jesus was stressing that all stand at risk of death, if they do not repent and receive life.

6

tn Or “you will all likewise perish,” but this could be misunderstood to mean that they would perish by the same means as the Galileans. Jesus’ point is that apart from repentance all will perish.

7

tn Grk “on whom the tower in Siloam fell and killed them.” This relative clause embedded in a prepositional phrase is complex in English and has been simplified to an adjectival and a temporal clause in the translation.

8

sn Unlike the previous event, when the tower in Siloam fell on them, it was an accident of fate. It raised the question, however, “Was this a judgment?”

9
10

sn Jesus’ point repeats v. 3. The circumstances make no difference. All must deal with the reality of what death means.

11

tn Grk “similarly.”