Romans 9:1–15

Paul’s Anguish Over Israel

9 I speak the truth in Christ—I am not lying,n my conscience confirmso it through the Holy Spirit—I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart. For I could wish that I myselfp were cursedq and cut off from Christ for the sake of my people,r those of my own race,s the people of Israel.t Theirs is the adoption to sonship;u theirs the divine glory,v the covenants,w the receiving of the law,x the temple worshipy and the promises.z Theirs are the patriarchs,a and from them is traced the human ancestry of the Messiah,b who is God over all,c forever praised!a d Amen.

God’s Sovereign Choice

It is not as though God’s worde had failed. For not all who are descended from Israel are Israel.f Nor because they are his descendants are they all Abraham’s children. On the contrary, “It is through Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned.”b g In other words, it is not the children by physical descent who are God’s children,h but it is the children of the promise who are regarded as Abraham’s offspring.i For this was how the promise was stated: “At the appointed time I will return, and Sarah will have a son.”c j

10 Not only that, but Rebekah’s children were conceived at the same time by our father Isaac.k 11 Yet, before the twins were born or had done anything good or badl—in order that God’s purposem in election might stand: 12 not by works but by him who calls—she was told, “The older will serve the younger.”d n 13 Just as it is written: “Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.”e o

14 What then shall we say?p Is God unjust? Not at all!q 15 For he says to Moses,

“I will have mercy on whom I have mercy,

and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.”f r

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