Then the iniquity of Ephraim was uncovered,
And the wickedness of Samaria.
For athey have committed fraud;
A thief comes in;
A band of robbers 1takes spoil outside.
2 They 2do not consider in their hearts
That bI remember all their wickedness;
Now their own deeds have surrounded them;
They are before My face.
3 They make a cking glad with their wickedness,
And princes dwith their lies.
4 “They eare all adulterers.
Like an oven heated by a baker—
He ceases stirring the fire after kneading the dough,
Until it is leavened.
He stretched out his hand with scoffers.
While they lie in wait;
4Their baker sleeps all night;
In the morning it burns like a flaming fire.
And have devoured their judges;
All their kings have fallen.
gNone among them calls upon Me.
8 “Ephraim hhas mixed himself among the peoples;
Ephraim is a cake unturned.
9 iAliens have devoured his strength,
But he does not know it;
Yes, gray hairs are here and there on him,
Yet he does not know it.
10 And the jpride of Israel testifies to his face,
But kthey do not return to the Lord their God,
Nor seek Him for all this.
mThey call to Egypt,
They go to nAssyria.
12 Wherever they go, I will ospread My net on them;
I will bring them down like birds of the air;
I will chastise them
pAccording to what their congregation has heard.
Destruction to them,
Because they have transgressed against Me!
Though qI redeemed them,
Yet they have spoken lies against Me.
14 rThey did not cry out to Me with their heart
When they wailed upon their beds.
7They rebel against Me;
Yet they devise evil against Me;
16 They return, but not 8to the Most High;
tThey are like a treacherous bow.
Their princes shall fall by the sword
For the ucursings of their tongue.
This shall be their derision vin the land of Egypt.
8 “Set the 1trumpet to your mouth!
He shall come alike an eagle against the house of the Lord,
Because they have transgressed My covenant
And rebelled against My law.
2 bIsrael will cry to Me,
‘My God, cwe know You!’
The enemy will pursue him.
4 “They dset up kings, but not by Me;
They made princes, but I did not acknowledge them.
From their silver and gold
They made idols for themselves—
That they might be cut off.
My anger is aroused against them—
eHow long until they attain to innocence?
A fworkman made it, and it is not God;
But the calf of Samaria shall be broken to pieces.
7 “They gsow the wind,
And reap the whirlwind.
The stalk has no bud;
It shall never produce meal.
If it should produce,
hAliens would swallow it up.
8 iIsrael is swallowed up;
Now they are among the Gentiles
jLike a vessel in which is no pleasure.
Like ka wild donkey alone by itself;
Ephraim lhas hired lovers.
Now mI will gather them;
And they shall 4sorrow a little,
They have become for him altars for sinning.
12 I have written for him othe great things of My law,
But they were considered a strange thing.
13 For the sacrifices of My offerings pthey sacrifice flesh and eat it,
qBut the Lord does not accept them.
rNow He will remember their iniquity and punish their sins.
They shall return to Egypt.
And has built 6temples;
Judah also has multiplied ufortified cities;
But vI will send fire upon his cities,
And it shall devour his 7palaces.”
9 Do anot rejoice, O Israel, with joy like other peoples,
For you have played the harlot against your God.
You have made love for bhire on every threshing floor.
Shall not feed them,
And the new wine shall fail in her.
3 They shall not dwell in cthe Lord’s land,
dBut Ephraim shall return to Egypt,
And eshall eat unclean things in Assyria.
It shall be like bread of mourners to them;
All who eat it shall be defiled.
For their bread shall be for their own life;
It shall not come into the house of the Lord.
And in the day of the feast of the Lord?
Egypt shall gather them up;
Memphis shall bury them.
hNettles shall possess their valuables of silver;
Thorns shall be in their tents.
7 The idays of punishment have come;
The days of recompense have come.
The prophet is a jfool,
kThe spiritual man is insane,
Because of the greatness of your iniquity and great enmity.
8 The lwatchman of Ephraim is with my God;
But the prophet is a 1fowler’s snare in all his ways—
Enmity in the house of his God.
9 mThey are deeply corrupted,
As in the days of nGibeah.
He will remember their iniquity;
He will punish their sins.
Like grapes in the owilderness;
I saw your fathers
As the pfirstfruits on the fig tree in its first season.
But they went to qBaal Peor,
And 2separated themselves to that shame;
rThey became an abomination like the thing they loved.
No birth, no pregnancy, and no conception!
Yet I will bereave them to the last man.
Yes, swoe to them when I depart from them!
13 Just tas I saw Ephraim like Tyre, planted in a pleasant place,
So Ephraim will bring out his children to the murderer.”
What will You give?
Give them ua miscarrying womb
And dry breasts!
15 “All their wickedness is in vGilgal,
For there I hated them.
Because of the evil of their deeds
I will drive them from My house;
I will love them no more.
wAll their princes are rebellious.
16 Ephraim is xstricken,
Their root is dried up;
They shall bear no fruit.
Yes, were they to bear children,
I would kill the darlings of their womb.”
17 My God will ycast them away,
Because they did not obey Him;
And they shall be zwanderers among the nations.
10 Israel aempties his vine;
He brings forth fruit for himself.
According to the multitude of his fruit
bHe has increased the altars;
According to the bounty of his land
They have embellished his sacred pillars.
Now they are held guilty.
He will break down their altars;
He will ruin their sacred pillars.
“We have no king,
Because we did not fear the Lord.
And as for a king, what would he do for us?”
Swearing falsely in making a covenant.
Thus judgment springs up dlike hemlock in the furrows of the field.
For its people mourn for it,
And 3its priests shriek for it—
Because its fglory has departed from it.
As a present for King gJareb.
Ephraim shall receive shame,
And Israel shall be ashamed of his own counsel.
Like a twig on the water.
Shall be destroyed.
The thorn and thistle shall grow on their altars;
jThey shall say to the mountains, “Cover us!”
And to the hills, “Fall on us!”
9 “O Israel, you have sinned from the days of kGibeah;
There they stood.
Did not 6overtake them.
mPeoples shall be gathered against them
When I bind them 7for their two transgressions.
11 Ephraim is na trained heifer
That loves to thresh grain;
But I harnessed her fair neck,
I will make Ephraim 8pull a plow.
Judah shall plow;
Jacob shall break his clods.”
Reap in mercy;
oBreak up your fallow ground,
For it is time to seek the Lord,
Till He pcomes and rains righteousness on you.
13 qYou have plowed wickedness;
You have reaped iniquity.
You have eaten the fruit of lies,
Because you trusted in your own way,
In the multitude of your mighty men.
And all your fortresses shall be plundered
As Shalman plundered Beth Arbel in the day of battle—
A mother dashed in pieces upon her children.
Because of your great wickedness.
At dawn the king of Israel
Shall be cut off utterly.
11 “When Israel was a 1child, I loved him,
2 2As they called them,
They sacrificed to the Baals,
And burned incense to carved images.
3 “I dtaught Ephraim to walk,
Taking them by 4their arms;
But they did not know that eI healed them.
4 I drew them with 5gentle cords,
With bands of love,
gI stooped and fed them.
But the Assyrian shall be his king,
Because they refused to repent.
Devour his districts,
And consume them,
Because of their own counsels.
7 My people are bent on hbacksliding from Me.
None at all exalt Him.
8 “How ican I give you up, Ephraim?
How can I hand you over, Israel?
How can I make you like jAdmah?
How can I set you like Zeboiim?
My heart 9churns within Me;
My sympathy is stirred.
I will not again destroy Ephraim.
kFor I am God, and not man,
The Holy One in your midst;
And I will not 1come with terror.
lHe will roar like a lion.
When He roars,
Then His sons shall come trembling from the west;
mLike a dove from the land of Assyria.
nAnd I will let them dwell in their houses,”
Says the Lord.
12 “Ephraim has encircled Me with lies,
And the house of Israel …
Lit. do not say to
Lit. with the heat of
So with MT, Vg.; Syr., Tg. Their anger; LXX Ephraim
So with MT, Tg.; Vg. thought upon; LXX slashed themselves for (cf. 1 Kin. 18:28)
So with MT, Syr., Tg.; LXX omits They rebel against Me; Vg. They departed from Me
ram’s horn, Heb. shophar
Golden calf image
Or has rejected you
Or begin to diminish
Or oracle or proclamation
One who catches birds in a trap or snare
Divided in loyalty
Lit. calves, images
Lit. Idolatry or Wickedness
So with many Heb. mss., LXX, Vg.; MT unruliness
Or in their two habitations
Lit. to ride
So with MT, Vg.; LXX Just as I called them; Tg. interprets as I sent prophets to a thousand of them.
So with MT, Tg., Vg.; LXX from My face
Some Heb. mss., LXX, Syr., Vg. My arms
Lit. cords of a man
Lit. turns over
Or enter a city